littoral

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin littoralis, from litoris (genitive of litus). The doubled 't' is a late medieval addition, and the more classical litoral is also sometimes found. Cognate to French littoral, Spanish litoral, and more distantly to English lido (outdoor pool), via Italian lido (beach, shore).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

littoral (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to the shore, especially the seashore.
    Synonym: intertidal
    • 1885, H. N. Moseley, Popular Science Monthly[1], volume 27:
      The deep-sea fauna has probably been formed almost entirely from the littoral, not in the remotest antiquity, but only after food derived from the débris of the littoral and terrestrial faunas and floras became abundant.

Usage notesEdit

  • Specifically refers to the water at the shore, rather than the land, particularly in the phrase littoral zone.

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NounEdit

littoral (plural littorals)

  1. A shore.
    • 1921, Sir Charles Eliot, (Please provide the book title or journal name):
      [] these Chams belonged to the Malay-Polynesian group and their distribution along the littoral suggests that they were invaders from the sea []
  2. The zone of a coast between high tide and low tide levels.
    Synonyms: intertidal zone, foreshore, littoral range
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 6, in The Dust of Conflict[2]:
      The night was considerably clearer than anybody on board her desired when the schooner Ventura headed for the land. It rose in places, black and sharp against the velvety indigo, over her dipping bow, though most of the low littoral was wrapped in obscurity.
    • 2006, Edwin Black, chapter 2, in Internal Combustion[3]:
      Buried within the Mediterranean littoral are some seventy to ninety million tons of slag from ancient smelting, about a third of it concentrated in Iberia. This ceaseless industrial fueling caused the deforestation of an estimated fifty to seventy million acres of woodlands.

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FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin littoralis, from litoris (genitive of litus).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

littoral (feminine singular littorale, masculine plural littoraux, feminine plural littorales)

  1. littoral, coastal

NounEdit

littoral m (plural littoraux)

  1. littoral

Further readingEdit

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