See also: Locusta

English edit

Noun edit

locusta (plural locustae)

  1. (botany) The spikelet or flower cluster of grasses[1]

References edit

  1. ^ Asa Gray (1857) “[Glossary [].] Locusta.”, in First Lessons in Botany and Vegetable Physiology, [], New York, N.Y.: Ivison & Phinney and G[eorge] P[almer] Putnam & Co., [], →OCLC.

Anagrams edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin locusta, of uncertain origin. Doublet of the inherited aragosta.

Noun edit

locusta f (plural locuste)

  1. locust

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

The origin is uncertain, length of the first vowel varies. According to De Vaan, the only word similar in form and meaning is lacerta (lizard; mackerel) and “they could be cognate words in the language from which Latin borrowed these forms”. Pokorny connects lō̆custa and lacerta with Ancient Greek λάξ (láx) λάγδην (lágdēn, with the foot, adverb), λάκτις (láktis, pestle), λικερτίζειν (likertízein, to jump, to dance) and Old Norse leggr (lower leg, bone), Lombardic lagi (thigh), deriving all from Proto-Indo-European *lek- (joint, member; to bend, to wind), explaining lō̆custa as “equipped with joints”. This is considered unconvincing by De Vaan.

Pronunciation edit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /loːˈkus.ta/, [ɫ̪oːˈkʊs̠t̪ä] or IPA(key): /loˈkus.ta/, [ɫ̪ɔˈkʊs̠t̪ä]
  • (modern Italianate Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /loˈkus.ta/, [loˈkust̪ä]
  • Note: in Late Latin hexameter poetry, the vowel normally scans short, in contrast to the personal name where it scans long.

Noun edit

lō̆custa f (genitive lō̆custae); first declension

  1. a grasshopper or locust
    • 2015, Tuomo Pekkanen, Ingentes greges locustarum in Russia meridionali. [1], Nuntii Latini 7.8.2015:
      Ingentēs gregēs lō̆custārum regiōnem Stavropolis in Russiā merīdiōnālī invāsērunt.
      A giant swarm of locusts has invaded the Stavropolsky district in southern Russia.
  2. a crustacean, (prob) a kind of lobster
    lō̆custa marīna/marisa crustacean (literally, “a sea grasshopper”)

Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lō̆custa lō̆custae
Genitive lō̆custae lō̆custārum
Dative lō̆custae lō̆custīs
Accusative lō̆custam lō̆custās
Ablative lō̆custā lō̆custīs
Vocative lō̆custa lō̆custae

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Vulgar Latin: *lacusta (see there for further descendants)

References edit

Further reading edit

  • locusta”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • locusta”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • locusta in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • locusta in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • locusta”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • locusta”, in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Middle English edit

Noun edit


  1. Alternative form of locuste