From Middle English gras, gres, gers, from Old English græs, gærs (“grass, blade of grass, herb, young corn, hay, plant; pasture”), from Proto-Germanic *grasą (“grass”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (“to grow”).
Cognate with Scots girs, gers, gress (“grass”), North Frisian gäärs, geers (“grass”), Saterland Frisian Gäärs (“grass”), West Frisian gers (“grass”), Low German Gras (“grass”), Dutch gras (“grass, turf, pasture”), German Gras (“grass, weed”), Danish græs (“grass”), Swedish gräs (“grass”), Norwegian Bokmål gress (“grass”), Faroese, Icelandic and Norwegian Nynorsk gras (“grass”), Latin herba (“plant, weed, grass”), Albanian grath (“grass blade, spike”). Related to grow, green.
- enPR: gräs, IPA(key): /ɡɹɑːs/
- Rhymes: -ɑːs
- enPR: grăs, IPA(key): /ɡɹæs/
- (countable, uncountable) Any plant of the family Poaceae, characterized by leaves that arise from nodes in the stem and leaf bases that wrap around the stem, especially those grown as ground cover rather than for grain.
- (countable) Various plants not in family Poaceae that resemble grasses.
- (uncountable) A lawn.
- (uncountable, slang) Marijuana.
- (countable, Britain, slang) An informer, police informer; one who betrays a group (of criminals, etc) to the authorities.
- (uncountable, physics) Sharp, closely spaced discontinuities in the trace of a cathode-ray tube, produced by random interference.
- (uncountable, slang) Noise on an A-scope or similar type of radar display.
- The season of fresh grass; spring or summer.
- (Can we date this quote?), Latham, (Please provide the book title or journal name):
- two years old next grass
- (obsolete, figuratively) That which is transitory.
- Bible Is. xl. 7
- Surely the people is grass.
- Bible Is. xl. 7
- (countable, folk etymology) Asparagus; "sparrowgrass".
- (mining) The surface of a mine.
- (Poaceae): Gramineae (alternative name), or see Thesaurus:grass
- (marijuana): See Thesaurus:marijuana
- (informant): See Thesaurus:informant
- (spring): breakup, spring, springtime
- (that which is transitory): ephemera
- Aleppo grass
- Antarctic hair grass
- bentgrass, bent grass
- Bermuda grass
- bluestem grass
- gama grass
- grass box
- grass court
- grass fire, grassfire
- grass hockey
- grass jelly
- grass of Parnassus
- grass roots
- grass script
- grass skirt
- grass snake
- grass top
- grass trap
- grass tree
- grass widow
- grass widower
- Johnson grass
- kick into the long grass
- let the grass grow under one's feet
- marsh grass
- redtop grass
- scutch grass
- spear grass, speargrass
- squirrel grass
- Sweet Grass County
- (transitive) To lay out on the grass; to knock down (an opponent etc.).
- 1893, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Naval Treaty, Norton, published 2005, page 709:
- He flew at me with his knife, and I had to grass him twice, and got a cut over the knuckles, before I had the upper hand of him.
- (transitive or intransitive, slang) To act as a grass or informer, to betray; to report on (criminals etc) to the authorities.
- 2004, David Nobbs, Sex and Other Changes, page 95:
- (transitive) To cover with grass or with turf.
- (transitive) To feed with grass.
- (transitive) To expose, as flax, on the grass for bleaching, etc.
- (transitive) To bring to the grass or ground; to land.
- John Buchan
- Let him hook and land a tigerfish of 20 lb., at the imminent risk of capsizing and joining the company of the engaging crocodiles, or, when he has grassed the fish, of having a finger bitten off by his iron teeth […]
- 2011, Deeanne Gist, Love on the Line (page 138)
- In typical Necker style, the farmer walked to the line and mounted his gun without any shilly-shally. If he grassed the bird, he and Faurote would go into a shootout. If he missed, Faurote would win.
- John Buchan
- (to lay out): flatten, floor, lay low, lay out, knock down, knock out, knock over, strike down
- (to act as an informer): See Thesaurus:rat out
- Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien