From Middle English cluster, from Old English cluster, clyster (“cluster, bunch, branch”), from Proto-Germanic *klus-, *klas- (“to clump, lump together”) + Proto-Germanic *-þrą (instrumental suffix), related to Low German Kluuster (“cluster”), dialectal Dutch klister (“cluster”), Swedish kluster (“cluster”), Icelandic klasi (“cluster; bunch of grapes”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈklʌstə/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈklʌstɚ/
- Rhymes: -ʌstə(ɹ)
Audio (UK) (file)
cluster (plural clusters)
- A group or bunch of several discrete items that are close to each other.
- a cluster of islands
- 1595, Edmund Spenser, Colin Clouts Come Home Againe
- Her deeds were like great clusters of ripe grapes, / Which load the bunches of the fruitful vine.
- 2011 December 29, Keith Jackson, “SPL: Celtic 1 Rangers 0”, in Daily Record:
- Charlie Mulgrew’s delicious deadball delivery was attacked by a cluster of green and white shirts at McGregor’s back post but Ledley got up higher and with more purpose than anyone else to thump a header home from five yards.
- 2013 May-June, William E. Conner, “An Acoustic Arms Race”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 206-7:
- Earless ghost swift moths become “invisible” to echolocating bats by forming mating clusters close (less than half a meter) above vegetation and effectively blending into the clutter of echoes that the bat receives from the leaves and stems around them.
- A cluster of flowers grew in the pot.
- A leukemia cluster has developed in the town.
- A number of individuals grouped together or collected in one place; a crowd; a mob.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book 1”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: […] [Samuel Simmons], […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
- As Bees […] / Poure forth their populous youth about the Hive / In clusters.
- c. 1608–1609, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene vi]:
- We loved him; but, like beasts / And cowardly nobles, gave way unto your clusters, / Who did hoot him out o' the city.
- (astronomy) A group of galaxies or stars that appear near each other.
- The Pleiades cluster contains seven bright stars.
- (linguistics, education) A sequence of two or more words that occur in language with high frequency but are not idiomatic; a chunk, bundle, or lexical bundle.
- examples of clusters would include "in accordance with", "the results of" and "so far"
- (music) A secundal chord of three or more notes.
- (phonetics) A group of consonants.
- The word "scrub" begins with a cluster of three consonants.
- (computing) A group of computers that work together.
- (computing) A logical data storage unit containing one or more physical sectors (see block).
- (statistics, cluster analysis) A subset of a population whose members are sufficiently similar to each other and distinct from others as to be considered a distinct group; such a grouping in a set of observed data that is statistically significant.
- (military) A set of bombs or mines released as part of the same blast.
- (army) A small metal design that indicates that a medal has been awarded to the same person before.
- (slang, euphemistic) A clusterfuck.
- (chemistry) An ensemble of bound atoms or molecules, intermediate in size between a molecule and a bulk solid.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (intransitive) To form a cluster or group.
- The children clustered around the puppy.
- 1563 March 30, John Foxe, Actes and Monuments of These Latter and Perillous Dayes, […], London: […] Iohn Day, […], OCLC 64451939:
- the princes of the country […] clustering together
- 1997, Lynn Keller, Forms of Expansion: Recent Long Poems by Women, University of Chicago Press, →ISBN, chapter 6, 281:
- On the page, “Me” is irregular but—except for a prominent drawing of a two-toned hieroglyphic eye—not radically unusual: the lines are consistently left-justified; their length varies from one to a dozen syllables; they cluster in stanzalike units anywhere from one to six lines long that are separated by consistent spaces.
- (transitive) To collect into clusters.
- (transitive) To cover with clusters.
cluster m (plural clusters)
cluster m (plural clusters)
- (music) cluster (chord of three or more notes)
- (computing) cluster (group of computers working concurrently)
cluster m (plural clusters or cluster)
- Alternative spelling of