Alternative forms edit
- An evergreen shrub or small tree, Pistacia lentiscus (mastic tree), native to the Mediterranean.
- 1745, Richard Pococke, A Description of the East, and Some other Countries, Volume II, Book I, Chapter 1:
- The island of Scio is now called by the Greeks Kio [Χιο], the antient Greek name of it was Chios [Χιος]; it was first called Ætalia in very antient times, and also Mastic, on account of the great number of mastic trees that were in this island.
- A hard, brittle, aromatic and transparent resin produced by this tree and used to make varnishes and chewing gum, and as a flavouring.
- Synonym: tears of Chios
- 1799, John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, Voyage Performed by the Late Earl of Sandwich Round the Mediterranean in the Years 1738 and 1739, Written by Himself, pages 317–318:
- The mastic, of which the people of Scio gather every year an incredible quantity, is a very rich gum, made use of in medicines, which distils from a shrub called, in Latin, Lentiscus.
- 1830, Thomas Moore, Letters and Journals of Lord Byron: with Notices of his Life, volume I, New York: J. & J. Harper, page 402:
- Having taken upon me to order the repast, and knowing that Lord Byron, for the last two days, had done nothing towards sustenance, beyond eating a few biscuits and (to appease appetite) chewing mastic, I desired that we should have a good supply of, at least, two kinds of fish.
- 1834, James Augustus St. John, Egypt and Mohammed Ali, or Travels in the Valley of the Nile, London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green & Longman, Volume I, Chapter 132, pp. 322-323,
- […] in many harems, the women are in the habit of burning mastic on a small chaffing-dish, and holding the mouth of the jars over the smoke; by which means they communicate to them a scent which perfumes the water for eight or ten days, at the expiration of which the operation must be repeated.
- 1936, Rollo Ahmed, The Black Art, London: Long, page 112:
- Aromatics were used, too, especially in necromancy, and an old recipe of that sort comprises Musk, Myrrh, Frankincense, Red Storax, Mastick, Olibanum, Saffron, Benzoin and Labdanum.
- An alcoholic liquor flavoured with this resin.
- Any of various cements, usually flexible and waterproof, used as an adhesive, sealant, caulk, or filler.
Derived terms edit
- black mastic (Terminalia eriostachya)
- false mastic (Sideroxylon foetidissimum)
- mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus)
- yellow mastic (Sideroxylon foetidissimum)
the shrub or tree Pistacia lentiscus
the tree's resin
the flexible, waterproof filler
See also edit
Further reading edit
Middle English edit
- Alternative form of
mastic n (plural masticuri)
Declension of mastic