See also: liqueur

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English licour, from Anglo-Norman licour, from Latin liquor (fluidity, liquidness, a fluid, a liquid), from liquere (to be fluid or liquid); see liquid. Doublet of liqueur.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

liquor (countable and uncountable, plural liquors)

  1. (obsolete) A liquid, a fluid.
    • 1665, Robert Hooke, Micrographia:
      Thus Water also, or any other Liquor, included in a convenient vessel, by being warmed, manifestly expands it self with a very great violence []
  2. (obsolete) A drinkable liquid.
  3. A liquid obtained by cooking meat or vegetables (or both).
    Synonyms: stock, (American English) pot liquor, broth, bouillon
  4. (Britain, cooking) A parsley sauce commonly served with traditional pies and mash.
  5. (chiefly US) Strong alcoholic drink derived from fermentation and distillation; more broadly, any alcoholic drink.
    • 1879, Chas. McArmor, The New Handbook of Vienna [] [1], second edition, Otto Maass, page 106:
      Here the proprietor has had the good sense of holding on to the good old fashion of giving his customers their moneyworth of good wines and liquors.
    Synonym: (British and Australasian English) spirits
  6. In process industry, a liquid in which a desired reaction takes place, e.g. pulping liquor is a mixture of chemicals and water which breaks wood into its components, thus facilitating the extraction of cellulose.
  7. A liquid in which something has been steeped.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

  It has been requested that this entry be merged with spirits(+).

VerbEdit

liquor (third-person singular simple present liquors, present participle liquoring, simple past and past participle liquored)

  1. (intransitive) To drink liquor, usually to excess.
  2. (transitive) To cause someone to drink liquor, usually to excess.
  3. (obsolete, transitive) To grease.

Derived termsEdit

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for liquor in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

ReferencesEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From liqueō (I am liquid, fluid)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

liquor m (genitive liquōris); third declension

  1. fluidity, liquidity
  2. a liquid, fluid
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative liquor liquōrēs
Genitive liquōris liquōrum
Dative liquōrī liquōribus
Accusative liquōrem liquōrēs
Ablative liquōre liquōribus
Vocative liquor liquōrēs
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Russian: ликёр (likjór)
  • Spanish: licor m
  • Italian: liquore

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

līquor (present infinitive līquī); third conjugation, deponent, no perfect or supine stem

  1. (intransitive) to be fluid or liquid
  2. (intransitive) to flow
  3. (intransitive) to melt, dissolve
ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of līquor (third conjugation, no supine stem, deponent, no perfect stem)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present līquor līqueris, līquere līquitur līquimur līquiminī līquuntur
imperfect līquēbar līquēbāris, līquēbāre līquēbātur līquēbāmur līquēbāminī līquēbantur
future līquar līquēris, līquēre līquētur līquēmur līquēminī līquentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present līquar līquāris, līquāre līquātur līquāmur līquāminī līquantur
imperfect līquerer līquerēris, līquerēre līquerētur līquerēmur līquerēminī līquerentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present līquere līquiminī
future līquitor līquitor līquuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives līquī
participles līquēns līquendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
līquendī līquendō līquendum līquendō

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

liquor

  1. first-person singular present passive indicative of liquō

ReferencesEdit

  • līquor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lĭquor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • liquor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • liquor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • liquor in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.