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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From melns(black) +‎ -ums.

NounEdit

melnums m (1st declension)

  1. (chiefly in the singular) blackness (the quality of that which is black)
    drāna piķa, darvas, ogļu melnumā‎ ― cloth as black as pitch, tar, coal
    nakts melnums‎ ― the blackness of night
  2. something black
    tālumā redzams kaut kāds melnums‎ ― something black was visible in the distance
  3. (chiefly in the plural) dirt, dirt spot(s)
    melnumi sagājuši aiz nagiem‎ ― dirt collected under the nails
    bez ziepēm veļai neiet ārā melnumi‎ ― without soap the laundry dirt does not go out (= wash off)
    krekli jāmazgā vai ik pārnedēļas, jo citādi melnumi tā ieēdas, ka nevar ne izberzt‎ ― shirts must be washed every two weeks, or else other (kinds of) dirt eat themselves in so much that they cannot be scrubbed out
  4. improper conduct, behavior; reprehensible, shameful fact, circumstance
    pat gribēdams Skaidrītes darbā melnumu neatradīsi‎ ― even wanting to, you will not find anything reprehensible in Skaidrīte's work

DeclensionEdit