Derived from pater, patris (father) +‎ -ius (adjective-forming suffix).



patrius (feminine patria, neuter patrium, adverb patriē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. father's, fatherly, paternal
  2. hereditary; ancestral


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative patrius patria patrium patriī patriae patria
Genitive patriī patriae patriī patriōrum patriārum patriōrum
Dative patriō patriō patriīs
Accusative patrium patriam patrium patriōs patriās patria
Ablative patriō patriā patriō patriīs
Vocative patrie patria patrium patriī patriae patria


  • Catalan: patri
  • Galician: patrio
  • Italian: patrio
  • Portuguese: pátrio
  • Spanish: patrio


  • patrius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • patrius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • patrius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • native tongue; vernacular: sermo patrius (Fin. 1. 2. 4)
    • (ambiguous) native place: urbs patria or simply patria
    • (ambiguous) to die for one's country: mortem occumbere pro patria
    • (ambiguous) to shed one's blood for one's fatherland: sanguinem suum pro patria effundere or profundere
    • (ambiguous) to sacrifice oneself for one's country: vitam profundere pro patria
    • (ambiguous) to banish a man from his native land: e patria exire iubere aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to be in exile: patria carere