English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Old French paternal (of a father) (12c.), a learned borrowing from Vulgar Latin paternālis (paternal), from Classical Latin paternus (of or pertaining to a father, paternal), from pater (father).

Pronunciation

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  • enPR: pə-tû(r)'nəl, IPA(key): /pəˈtɜː(ɹ)nəl/
  • Audio (US):(file)
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)nəl

Adjective

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paternal (comparative more paternal, superlative most paternal)

  1. Of or pertaining to one's father, his genes, his relatives, or his side of a family.
    paternal grandfather
    • 1837, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], “Different Views of Youth and Age”, in Ethel Churchill: Or, The Two Brides. [], volume I, London: Henry Colburn, [], →OCLC, page 93:
      It was with a natural touch of pride that Norbourne Courtenaye paced his paternal hall, while waiting for his uncle, with whom he was going to ride.
  2. Fatherly; behaving as or characteristic of a father.
  3. Received or inherited from one's father.
    • a. 1701 (date written), John Dryden, “The Second Epode of Horace”, in The Miscellaneous Works of John Dryden, [], volume II, London: [] J[acob] and R[ichard] Tonson, [], published 1760, →OCLC, page 477:
      Thus, ere the ſeeds of vice were ſown, / Liv'd men in better ages born, / Who plow'd with oxen of their own / Their ſmall paternal field of corn.
  4. Acting as a father.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Antonyms

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Coordinate terms

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Derived terms

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Translations

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Anagrams

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Old French

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin paternālis. Compare the descended term paternel.

Adjective

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paternal m (oblique and nominative feminine singular paternale)

  1. paternal

Declension

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Descendants

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  • English: paternal

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French paternel. By surface analysis, patern +‎ -al.

Adjective

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paternal m or n (feminine singular paternală, masculine plural paternali, feminine and neuter plural paternale)

  1. fatherly

Declension

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Spanish

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /pateɾˈnal/ [pa.t̪eɾˈnal]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: pa‧ter‧nal

Adjective

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paternal m or f (masculine and feminine plural paternales)

  1. paternal, fatherly

Derived terms

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Further reading

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