Latin edit

Etymology edit

Perfect active participle of perōdī (hate very much), also analysable as an intensified form of per- +‎ ōsus, the perfect participle of ōdī. It replaced the prefix-less form in this function by the end of the Republic.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

perōsus (feminine perōsa, neuter perōsum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (active voice) hating, loathing, detesting, abhorring
  2. (passive voice, Late Latin) hated, loathed, hateful, odious

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative perōsus perōsa perōsum perōsī perōsae perōsa
Genitive perōsī perōsae perōsī perōsōrum perōsārum perōsōrum
Dative perōsō perōsō perōsīs
Accusative perōsum perōsam perōsum perōsōs perōsās perōsa
Ablative perōsō perōsā perōsō perōsīs
Vocative perōse perōsa perōsum perōsī perōsae perōsa

Related terms edit

References edit

  • perosus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • perosus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • perosus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • perōsus” on page 647 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)