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perstō (present infinitive perstāre, perfect active perstitī, future participle perstātūrus); first conjugation, no supine stem except in the future active participle, impersonal in the passive

  1. I continue standing
  2. I remain steadfast
  3. I continue, persevere or persist


   Conjugation of persto (first conjugation, impersonal in passive, defective)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perstō perstās perstat perstāmus perstātis perstant
imperfect perstābam perstābās perstābat perstābāmus perstābātis perstābant
future perstābō perstābis perstābit perstābimus perstābitis perstābunt
perfect perstitī perstitistī perstitit perstitimus perstitistis perstitērunt, perstitēre
pluperfect perstiteram perstiterās perstiterat perstiterāmus perstiterātis perstiterant
future perfect perstiterō perstiteris perstiterit perstiterimus perstiteritis perstiterint
passive present perstātur
imperfect perstābātur
future perstābitur
perfect perstātum est
pluperfect perstātum erat
future perfect perstātum erit
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perstem perstēs perstet perstēmus perstētis perstent
imperfect perstārem perstārēs perstāret perstārēmus perstārētis perstārent
perfect perstiterim perstiterīs perstiterit perstiterīmus perstiterītis perstiterint
pluperfect perstitissem perstitissēs perstitisset perstitissēmus perstitissētis perstitissent
passive present perstētur
imperfect perstārētur
perfect perstātum sit
pluperfect perstātum esset, foret
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perstā perstāte
future perstātō perstātō perstātōte perstantō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives perstāre perstitisse perstātūrus esse perstārī
participles perstāns perstātūrus perstandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
perstāre perstandī perstandō perstandum


  • persto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • persto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • persto in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to abide by, persist in one's opinion: in sententia manere, permanere, perseverare, perstare
    • to persevere in one's resolve: in incepto or conatu perstare