English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin esse.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛsi/
  • (file)

Noun edit

esse (plural esses)

  1. Essence, essential nature.
    • 1788, Emanuel Swedenborg, The Wisdom of Angels Concerning Divine Love and Divine Wisdom, London: [] W. Chalklen, page 136:
      Hence it is that the Univerſe, which was created from his Eſſe, and which regarded as to Uſes is his Image, obtained theſe three in all and ſingular the Things appertaining to it.
    • 1801, Emanuel Swedenborg, Arcana Cœlestia: or, Heavenly Mysteries Contained in the Sacred Scriptures, or Word of the Lord, Manifested and Laid Open, volume X, London: [] J. Hodson, page 482:
      [] that is his proprium, since the esse of the life of man is his will;
    • 1824–68, A[braham] J[ones] Le Cras, The Theological Contrast: or, Error Exposed, and Truth Elucidated, Being an Investigation into All the Systems of Religion, Now Propagated in the Whole World, London: [] Thomas Goyder, pages 95–97:
      In like manner Christians treading closely on the heels of Jews, notwithstanding all the divine miracles, which accompanied their first establishment, iu[sic] order to call them from the Deistical worship of a supreme esse, extended through all space, and to fix them in the exclusive acknowledgement of the one God in a divine human form, are equally guilty of idolatry, in worshipping Gods or persons, that have no real existence.
    • 1961, Gerard Smith, Lottie H. Kendzierski, Philosophy of Being, The Macmillan Company, page 339:
      Essence is a being by an esse which the essence is. Substance is a being by an esse which the substance is. Ens is a being by an esse which the ens is.
    • 2015, Christopher Hughes, Aquinas on Being, Goodness, and God, Routledge, page 62:
      Agreed, if there are as many esses in an individual as there are forms in that individual, then a plurality of substantial forms in an individual implies a plurality of substantial esses in that individual, just as a plurality of accidental forms in an individual implies a plurality of accidental esses in that individual.

Related terms edit

References edit

Afrikaans edit

Noun edit

esse

  1. plural of es

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

esse f (plural esses)

  1. (Valencia) Alternative form of essa

Further reading edit

Central Franconian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • äße (most dialects)
  • eaße (parts of Moselle Franconian)

Etymology edit

From Middle High German ezzen, from Old High German ezzan.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

esse (third-person singular present iss or itt, preterite , past participle jesse or jejesse)

  1. (Kölsch, nothernmost Ripuarian) to eat

Usage notes edit

Corsican edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Early Medieval Latin essere, from Latin esse. Cognates include Italian essere and French être.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈes.sɛ/
  • Hyphenation: es‧se

Verb edit

esse (Cismontane)

  1. (copulative) to be
  2. (intransitive) to be (to exist)
  3. (intransitive) to be (to occupy a place)
  4. (auxiliary, + past participle) Forms the passive voice; to be
  5. (auxiliary, + past participle) Forms the perfect aspect of some verbs; to have

Conjugation edit

Descendants edit

  • Gallurese: esse, essi

References edit

  • esse, essa” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

esse m (plural esses)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.

Further reading edit

Gallurese edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Corsican esse, from Early Medieval Latin essere, from Latin esse.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

esse

  1. (auxiliary) to be

Conjugation edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

esse

  1. inflection of essen:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive

Hunsrik edit

Alternative forms edit

  • ëse (Wiesemann spelling system)

Etymology edit

From Middle High German ezzen, from Old High German ezzan.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

esse

  1. to eat
    Ich esse keen Fleisch.
    I don't eat meat.
    Heit esse-mer Fisch.
    Today we eat fish.

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Ingrian edit

Etymology edit

From estää (to prevent) +‎ -e. Akin to Finnish este.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

esse

  1. obstacle

Declension edit

Declension of esse (type 6/lähe, st-ss gradation)
singular plural
nominative esse esteet
genitive esteen estein
partitive essettä esteitä
illative esteesse esteisse
inessive estees esteis
elative esteest esteist
allative esteelle esteille
adessive esteel esteil
ablative esteelt esteilt
translative esteeks esteiks
essive esteennä, esteen esteinnä, estein
exessive1) esteent esteint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References edit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 36

Italian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin es (the name of the letter S).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

esse f or m (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.; ess
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin ipsae, from ipse.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈes.se/
  • Rhymes: -esse
  • Hyphenation: és‧se

Pronoun edit

esse f pl

  1. plural of essa; they, them (female)
    Synonym: loro

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

Form of the verb sum ([I] am; [I] exist), from Proto-Italic *ezom.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

esse

  1. present active infinitive of sum

Noun edit

esse m (indeclinable)

  1. (Medieval Latin) state, condition

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ēsse

  1. present active infinitive of edō

References edit

  • esse”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • esse in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)

Old Irish edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronoun edit

esse

  1. third-person singular feminine of as

Pennsylvania German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German ezzen, from Old High German ezzan, from Proto-West Germanic *etan. Compare German essen, Dutch eten, English eat, Swedish äta.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

esse

  1. to eat

Conjugation edit

Piedmontese edit

Etymology edit

From Early Medieval Latin essere, from Latin esse.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

esse

  1. to be

Conjugation edit

infinitive esse
present gerundive essend
past participle stàit
Present indicative Past indicative Future indicative Present subjunctive Past subjunctive Past

Historic

Present Conditional
First-person singular i son i j'era i sarai i sia i fussa I fure i sarìa
Second-person singular it ses it j'ere it saras it sie it fusse it fùrës it sarìe
Third-person singular a l'é a l'era a sarà a sia a fussa fur a sarìa
First-person plural i soma i j'ero i saroma i sio i fusso furo i sarìo
Second-person plural i seve i j'ere i sareve i sie i fusse i fùrës i sarìe
Third-person plural a son a j'ero i saran a sio a fusso a furo a sarìo

Portuguese edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese esse, from Latin ipse (himself).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: es‧se
  • (file)

Determiner edit

esse (feminine essa, masculine plural esses, feminine plural essas)

  1. that (near you)
    Esse chapéu está limpo?
    Is that hat clean?
  2. (Brazil) this (near me)
    Esse livro é muito bom.
    This book is very good.

Pronoun edit

esse (feminine essa, masculine plural esses, feminine plural essas, neuter isso) (definite demonstrative pronoun)

  1. that, that one (near you)
  2. that (that one); this (this one) (indicates something already mentioned or understood from context)
    Esse é o segredo para vencer.
    This is the secret to winning.
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:esse.

Synonyms edit

See also edit

Portuguese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este esta estes estas isto aqui,
de + X deste desta destes destas disto daqui
em + X neste nesta nestes nestas nisto
Medial X esse essa esses essas isso
de + X desse dessa desses dessas disso daí
em + X nesse nessa nesses nessas nisso
Distal X aquele aquela aqueles aquelas aquilo ali, , acolá
de + X daquele daquela daqueles daquelas daquilo dali
em + X naquele naquela naqueles naquelas naquilo
a + X àquele àquela àqueles àquelas àquilo
Anaphoric X o a os as
de + X do da dos das
em + X no na nos nas
a + X ao à aos às

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: es‧se

Noun edit

esse m (plural esses)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.
  2. something shaped like the letter S
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:esse.

Swedish edit

Noun edit

esse n

  1. Only used in vara i sitt esse

References edit

Tatar edit

Adjective edit

esse

  1. hot

Walloon edit

Etymology edit

From Old French estre, from Latin sum.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

esse

  1. to be

Conjugation edit