LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

A loanword from an unknown Mediterranean substrate source, original form something like (a)pisom reflected also in Ancient Greek ἄπιον (ápion, pear) and ἄπιος (ápios, pear tree).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pirum n (genitive pirī); second declension

  1. a pear (fruit)

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pirum pira
Genitive pirī pirōrum
Dative pirō pirīs
Accusative pirum pira
Ablative pirō pirīs
Vocative pirum pira

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • pĭrum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pirum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pirum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • pirum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 467