Asturian edit

 
Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Etymology edit

From Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Noun edit

pera f (plural peres)

  1. pear

Further reading edit

  • “pera” in Diccionario general de la lengua asturiana. Xosé Lluis García Arias. →ISBN.

Basque edit

Noun edit

pera

  1. allative singular of pe

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Catalan pera, from Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pera f (plural peres)

  1. pear (fruit)
  2. goatee
    Synonym: masclet

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Chavacano edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish pera.

Noun edit

pera

  1. pear (fruit)

Corsican edit

Noun edit

pera f (plural pere)

  1. pear

Related terms edit

  • peru (pear tree)

References edit

  • pera” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

pera

  1. inflection of pero:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

pera

  1. masculine singular present transgressive of prát

Faroese edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse pera, probably from Old English pere, peru, from Latin pirum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pera f (genitive singular peru, plural perur)

  1. pear (fruit)
  2. light bulb

Declension edit

Declension of pera
f1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative pera peran perur perurnar
accusative peru peruna perur perurnar
dative peru peruni perum perunum
genitive peru perunnar pera peranna

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese pera (13th century, Alfonso X), from Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pera f (plural peras)

  1. pear (fruit)
  2. (slang) masturbation

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • pera” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • pera” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • pera” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • pera” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Further reading edit

Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse pera, probably from Old English pere, peru, from Latin pirum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pera f (genitive singular peru, nominative plural perur)

  1. pear (fruit)
  2. light bulb

Declension edit

Istriot edit

Etymology edit

From Latin petra, from Ancient Greek πέτρα (pétra).

Noun edit

pera f

  1. stone

Italian edit

 
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Etymology edit

From Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pera f (plural pere)

  1. pear (the fruit)
  2. (slang) fix (dose of drug)
    farsi una pera
    to shoot up

Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek πήρα (pḗra).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pēra f (genitive pērae); first declension

  1. bag, satchel (slung over one shoulder)
  2. wallet
  3. scrip

Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pēra pērae
Genitive pērae pērārum
Dative pērae pērīs
Accusative pēram pērās
Ablative pērā pērīs
Vocative pēra pērae

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  • pera”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pera”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pera in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pera”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pera”, in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • pera”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Anagrams edit

Leonese edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

pera f (plural peras)

  1. pear

References edit

Lindu edit

Noun edit

pera

  1. silver

Makasar edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *pəʀəq, from Proto-Austronesian *pəʀəq.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

pera (Lontara spelling ᨄᨙᨑ, semi-transitive ammera)

  1. (transitive) to wring out

Maori edit

Noun edit

pera

  1. pillow

See also edit

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Old Occitan pera, from Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pera f (plural peras)

  1. pear

Related terms edit

Old Galician-Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin per (through) + ad (to).

Preposition edit

pera

  1. for, towards
Descendants edit
  • Galician: para, pra
  • Portuguese: para, pra, pa

Etymology 2 edit

From Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Noun edit

pera f

  1. pear
    maçãas e perasapples and pears
Descendants edit

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Unknown.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛ.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ɛra
  • Syllabification: pe‧ra

Noun edit

pera f (diminutive perka)

  1. (Poznań) Alternative form of pyra

Declension edit

References edit

  • Pyra”, in Słownik gwary miejskiej Poznania, (Can we date this quote?)

Further reading edit

  • pera in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

 
pera

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese pera, from Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Rhymes: -eɾɐ
  • Hyphenation: pe‧ra

Noun edit

pera f (plural peras)

  1. pear
  2. (colloquial) a knuckle sandwich
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of espera.

Pronunciation edit

  • Rhymes: -ɛɾɐ
  • Hyphenation: pe‧ra

Interjection edit

pera

  1. (colloquial) just a minute
    Synonym: peraí
  2. (colloquial) wait (asking for stop to make an observation)

Etymology 3 edit

Preposition edit

pera

  1. Archaic form of para.

Further reading edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

pera

  1. inflection of pero:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/genitive/accusative/vocative plural

Slovak edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pera

  1. lip - pera f (genitive singular pery, nominative plural pery, genitive plural pier, declension pattern of žena)
  2. genitive singular of pero

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Spanish pera, from Vulgar Latin *pira, from the plural of Latin pirum, reanalyzed as a feminine singular.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpeɾa/ [ˈpe.ɾa]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -eɾa
  • Syllabification: pe‧ra

Noun edit

pera f (plural peras)

  1. pear
  2. (boxing) speed bag
  3. (Argentina, Chile, Uruguay) chin
    Synonyms: barbilla, mentón

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Swahili edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Portuguese pera (pear).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pera (ma class, plural mapera)

  1. guava

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Brook, Zev (2022) “Which Arabic Dialect Are Swahili Words From?”, in Studia Orientalia Electronica[1], volume 10, number 1, page 2 of 1-10:Swahili, however, uses the Portuguese borrowing pera for ‘guava’

Tagalog edit

 
10¢ perra gorda (literally fat bitch (dog)) coin depicting a lion rampant regardant, 1870
 
worn outperra chica (literally little bitch (dog)) coin, 1870

Etymology edit

Either from Spanish perra (5 and 10 centimo peseta coins, literally bitch / female dog),[1] or Spanish pela (1 peseta coins, literally a hit or beating), due to the circulation of perra gorda (10 centimo peseta coin), perra chica (5 centimo peseta coin), and pela (1 peseta coin), coins which depicted a Spanish heraldic lion rampant regardant during the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines.

Potet (2016) also remarks that it seems to be a cross between Malay perak and Spanish perra, wherein an interference could've occurred between the colloquial senses of Spanish perra (cash; dough (money), literally bitch (dog)) and Malay perak (coin, literally silver). See also pilak.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: pe‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈpeɾa/, [ˈpɛ.ɾɐ]
  • IPA(key): /ˈpiɾa/, [ˈpi.ɾɐ] (Bataan)

Noun edit

pera (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜒᜇ)

  1. money; cash
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:salapi

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Potet, Jean-Paul G. (2016) Tagalog Borrowings and Cognates, Lulu Press, →ISBN, page 136

Veps edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *perä, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *perä. Cognates include Finnish perä.

Noun edit

pera

  1. stern (rear end of a ship)

Inflection edit

Inflection of pera (inflection type 5/sana)
nominative sing. pera
genitive sing. peran
partitive sing. perad
partitive plur. peroid
singular plural
nominative pera perad
accusative peran perad
genitive peran peroiden
partitive perad peroid
essive-instructive peran peroin
translative peraks peroikš
inessive peras peroiš
elative peraspäi peroišpäi
illative peraha peroihe
adessive peral peroil
ablative peralpäi peroilpäi
allative perale peroile
abessive perata peroita
comitative peranke peroidenke
prolative peradme peroidme
approximative I peranno peroidenno
approximative II perannoks peroidennoks
egressive perannopäi peroidennopäi
terminative I perahasai peroihesai
terminative II peralesai peroilesai
terminative III perassai
additive I perahapäi peroihepäi
additive II peralepäi peroilepäi

References edit

  • Zajceva, N. G., Mullonen, M. I. (2007) “корма”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary]‎[2], Petrozavodsk: Periodika