See also: Plautus and pļautus

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *plautos (whence Oscan 𐌐𐌋𐌀𐌅𐌕𐌀𐌃 sg (plavtad, sole of the foot or of a shoe, abl.), Umbrian preplotatu, preplohotatu (cruch, stamp down, 3sg.ipv.II.)), from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₂-u-tós, from *pleh₂- (flat). Related to plaudō (to strike, clap).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

plautus (feminine plauta, neuter plautum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (in specialised senses) flat, having the appearance of being trod flat
    1. flat-footed, having broad flat feet
      Synonym: plancus
      • 1839 [8th century CE], Paulus Diaconus, edited by Karl Otfried Müller, Excerpta ex libris Pompeii Festi De significatione verborum, page 238:
        Plōtōs appellant Umbrī pedibus plānīs nātōs . . . unde et Maccius poēta, quia Umber Sarsinās erat, a pedum plānitiē initiō Plōtus, posteā Plautus coeptus est dīcī.
        By the word plōtus the Umbrians call those born with flat feet . . . hence also the poet Maccius, being an Umbrian from Sarsinae and having flat feet, was at first called Plōtus, and then Plautus.
    2. flap-eared, having wide or large flat ears
      Synonym: flaccus

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative plautus plauta plautum plautī plautae plauta
Genitive plautī plautae plautī plautōrum plautārum plautōrum
Dative plautō plautō plautīs
Accusative plautum plautam plautum plautōs plautās plauta
Ablative plautō plautā plautō plautīs
Vocative plaute plauta plautum plautī plautae plauta

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Via feminine plauta:

  • Gallo-Italic:
    • Piedmontese: piòta (paw)
  • Gallo-Romance:
    • Franco-Provençal: pllôta (paw)

References edit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “plautus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 471

Further reading edit

  • plautus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • plautus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • plautus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • plautus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • plautus”, in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray