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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the prefix prae- and the root found in salio 'to jump'.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

praesul m (genitive praesulis); third declension

  1. public dancer who dances in leaps
  2. the leader of the Salii (Ancient Roman priests of Mars)
    • 4th century, Historia Augusta
      Octavo aetatis anno in Saliorum collegium rettulit. [...] Fuit in eo sacerdotio et praesul et vates et magister, et multos inauguravit et exauguravit nemine praeeunte, quod ipse carmina cuncta didicisset. - When he [Marcus Aurelius] was eight years old, he [Hadrian] enrolled him in the college of the Salii. [...] In that priesthood, he was leader and seer and master, admitting and expelling many men, without anybody dictating the songs to him as he had learned them all.
  3. (post-classical) director, president
  4. (post-classical) patron, protector
    • 4th century, perhaps St. Ambrose
      Te lucis ante terminum / rerum creator poscimus / ut solita clementia / sis praesul ad custodiam - Before the end of the light, we beseech Thee, creator of things, that by thy accustomed mercy thou wouldst be [our] protector unto safekeeping
  5. (Medieval Latin) bishop
    • 11th-13th centuries, anonymous, Carmina Burana
      Bibit puer, bibit canus / bibit praesul et decanus - Children drink, the grey-haired drink / Bishops drink and so do deacons

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative praesul praesulēs
Genitive praesulis praesulum
Dative praesulī praesulibus
Accusative praesulem praesulēs
Ablative praesule praesulibus
Vocative praesul praesulēs

ReferencesEdit