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LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *sel- (to spring). Cognates include Ancient Greek ἅλλομαι (hállomai) and perhaps Sanskrit सरति (sárati).

VerbEdit

saliō (present infinitive salīre, perfect active saluī, supine saltum); fourth conjugation

  1. (intransitive) I leap, jump, bound.
  2. (intransitive) I spring forth, flow down.
  3. (transitive) (of male animals) I mount for copulation.
Usage notesEdit
  • This verb is mostly intransitive and passive forms (from the meaning of mounting) are mostly unattested.
ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of saliō (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present saliō salīs salit salīmus salītis saliunt
imperfect saliēbam saliēbās saliēbat saliēbāmus saliēbātis saliēbant
future saliam saliēs saliet saliēmus saliētis salient
perfect saluī saluistī saluit saluimus saluistis saluērunt, saluēre
pluperfect salueram saluerās saluerat saluerāmus saluerātis saluerant
future perfect saluerō salueris saluerit saluerimus salueritis saluerint
passive present salior salīris, salīre salītur salīmur salīminī saliuntur
imperfect saliēbar saliēbāris, saliēbāre saliēbātur saliēbāmur saliēbāminī saliēbantur
future saliar saliēris, saliēre saliētur saliēmur saliēminī salientur
perfect saltus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect saltus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect saltus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present saliam saliās saliat saliāmus saliātis saliant
imperfect salīrem salīrēs salīret salīrēmus salīrētis salīrent
perfect saluerim saluerīs saluerit saluerīmus saluerītis saluerint
pluperfect saluissem saluissēs saluisset saluissēmus saluissētis saluissent
passive present saliar saliāris, saliāre saliātur saliāmur saliāminī saliantur
imperfect salīrer salīrēris, salīrēre salīrētur salīrēmur salīrēminī salīrentur
perfect saltus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect saltus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present salī salīte
future salītō salītō salītōte saliuntō
passive present salīre salīminī
future salītor salītor saliuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives salīre saluisse saltūrum esse salīrī saltum esse saltum īrī
participles saliēns saltūrus saltus saliendus, saliundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
saliendī saliendō saliendum saliendō saltum saltū
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From sāl (salt).

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

saliō (present infinitive salīre, perfect active saliī, supine salītum); fourth conjugation

  1. I salt.
  2. I sprinkle before sacrifice.
ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of saliō (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present saliō salīs salit salīmus salītis saliunt
imperfect saliēbam saliēbās saliēbat saliēbāmus saliēbātis saliēbant
future saliam saliēs saliet saliēmus saliētis salient
perfect saliī saliistī saliit saliimus saliistis saliērunt, saliēre
pluperfect salieram salierās salierat salierāmus salierātis salierant
future perfect salierō salieris salierit salierimus salieritis salierint
passive present salior salīris, salīre salītur salīmur salīminī saliuntur
imperfect saliēbar saliēbāris, saliēbāre saliēbātur saliēbāmur saliēbāminī saliēbantur
future saliar saliēris, saliēre saliētur saliēmur saliēminī salientur
perfect salītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect salītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect salītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present saliam saliās saliat saliāmus saliātis saliant
imperfect salīrem salīrēs salīret salīrēmus salīrētis salīrent
perfect salierim salierīs salierit salierīmus salierītis salierint
pluperfect saliissem saliissēs saliisset saliissēmus saliissētis saliissent
passive present saliar saliāris, saliāre saliātur saliāmur saliāminī saliantur
imperfect salīrer salīrēris, salīrēre salīrētur salīrēmur salīrēminī salīrentur
perfect salītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect salītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present salī salīte
future salītō salītō salītōte saliuntō
passive present salīre salīminī
future salītor salītor saliuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives salīre saliisse salītūrum esse salīrī salītum esse salītum īrī
participles saliēns salītūrus salītus saliendus, saliundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
saliendī saliendō saliendum saliendō salītum salītū
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit