Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *prokʷism̥mos, from *prokʷe (whence prope). See also -issimus.



proximus ‎(superlative of prope)

  1. nearest, next
  2. adjoining
  3. (substantive) the latest, most recent, last
  4. (substantive) the next


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative proximus proxima proximum proximī proximae proxima
genitive proximī proximae proximī proximōrum proximārum proximōrum
dative proximō proximō proximīs
accusative proximum proximam proximum proximōs proximās proxima
ablative proximō proximā proximō proximīs
vocative proxime proxima proximum proximī proximae proxima

Derived termsEdit




proximus ‎(superlative)

  1. superlative degree of prope


proximus m ‎(genitive proximī); second declension

  1. neighbour
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Exodus.20.16
      Non loqueris contra proximum tuum falsum testimonium.
      Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
  2. nearest person or thing


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative proximus proximī
genitive proximī proximōrum
dative proximō proximīs
accusative proximum proximōs
ablative proximō proximīs
vocative proxime proximī


  • proximus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • proximus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • PROXIMUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • proximus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the atmosphere: aer qui est terrae proximus
    • (ambiguous) to be not far away: prope (propius, proxime) abesse
    • (ambiguous) (1) last year; (2) next year: proximo anno
    • (ambiguous) to be very near the truth: proxime ad verum accedere