PIE root

From a parallel i-stem form to Proto-Baltic *sapnas, from Proto-Indo-European *súpnos, *swépnos, *swópnos ‎(sleep), *swópniyom ‎(dream), from a stem *seup-, *swep, *sup- ‎(sleep), from *seu- (meaning indeterminate, perhaps “to lay,” “to put”) with an extra element -p. In Baltic, the words for “dream” and “sleep” merged, and the initial consonant was simplified (sw > s). Cognates include Lithuanian sãpnas, dialectal sãpnis, sapnỹs, Proto-Slavic *sъnъ < *supnu (Old Church Slavonic сънъ ‎(sŭnŭ), Bulgarian сън ‎(sǎn), Czech, Polish sen), Old Irish sūan, Cornish hon ‎(sleep) (< *swopnos), Old English swefn ‎(sleep, dream) (< *swepnós), Hittite šup- ‎(to sleep), Sanskrit स्वप्नः ‎(svapnaḥ, sleep, dream), Ancient Greek ὕπνος ‎(húpnos, sleep) (< *supnos), ὕπνιον ‎(húpnion, dream), Latin somnus ‎(sleep) (< *swepnos, *swopnos), somnium ‎(dream), sopor ‎(deep sleep).[1]


sapnis m (2nd declension)

  1. dream (images seen during sleep)
    sapņa satursdream content
    sapņa sižetsdream story, plot
    redzēt sapni — to have (lit. see) a dream
  2. dream (a desire which one wishes to see come true)
    sapnis par laimidream of happiness
    pārvērst sapni par īstenību — to turn a dream into reality
    jaunības sapņi — youthful dreams
    nepiepildāms sapnis — an impossible, unfulfillable dream


Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sapnis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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