Latin edit

Etymology edit

Substantivised form of the Proto-Italic adjective *swezrīnos (of the sister), from which *suebrīnus would be expected since swe- > so- occurs only before a non-front vowel in the next syllable. Thus the initial so- must be an analogical renewal from soror.[1]

Noun edit

sobrīnus m (genitive sobrīnī, feminine sobrīna); second declension

  1. sororal nephew
  2. nephew
  3. mother's sister's son, maternal parallel cousin
  4. (Late Latin) A cousin's child.

Declension edit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sobrīnus sobrīnī
Genitive sobrīnī sobrīnōrum
Dative sobrīnō sobrīnīs
Accusative sobrīnum sobrīnōs
Ablative sobrīnō sobrīnīs
Vocative sobrīne sobrīnī

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

All surviving descendants belong to the Ibero-Romance group.

  • Navarro-Aragonese:
    • Aragonese: sobrín
  • Old Leonese: sopbrino
  • Old Galician-Portuguese: sobrinho
  • Old Spanish: sobrino
    • Spanish: sobrino (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  • sobrinus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sobrinus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sobrinus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “soror”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 576