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From Middle English cirurgical, borrowed from Middle French cirurgical, from Medieval Latin cirurgicālis, ultimately from Ancient Greek χειρουργία (kheirourgía), from χείρ (kheír, hand) + ἔργον (érgon, work).



surgical (comparative more surgical, superlative most surgical)

  1. Of, relating to, used in, or resulting from surgery.
    • 2013 May-June, Charles T. Ambrose, “Alzheimer’s Disease”, in American Scientist[1], volume 101, number 3, page 200:
      Similar studies of rats have employed four different intracranial resorbable, slow sustained release systems—surgical foam, a thermal gel depot, a microcapsule or biodegradable polymer beads.
  2. (figuratively) Precise or very accurate.
    The building was destroyed with a surgical air-strike.

Derived termsEdit