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Old NorseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally a comparative form of the adverb suðr, sunnr. From Proto-Germanic *sunþrizô (comparative of *sunþraz (south)). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥ (sun).

AdjectiveEdit

syðri (comparative syðri, superlative synstr)

  1. (comparative) more southerly
  2. (superlative) most southerly
    • liggja þessi lǫnd synst
      these lands lie most to the south

InflectionEdit

This word is one of a little handful of adjectives with defective inflection, existing only in the comparative and superlative forms.

Coordinate termsEdit

Related termsEdit

  • sól f (sun)
  • suðrœnn (southern)
  • sunna f (sun)
  • sunnan (from the south; on the south side)
  • sunnar (more to the south, adv comp)

DescendantsEdit

Note that the Norwegian adverbs meaning south or southward, are derived from syðri, and not Old Norse suðr.

ReferencesEdit

  • syðri in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • “syðri” in The Bokmål Dictionary.