Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/sóh₂wl̥

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

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Noun

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*sóh₂wl̥[1]

  1. sun

Inflection

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Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *sóh₂wl̥
genitive *sh₂wéns
singular dual plural
nominative *sóh₂wl̥
vocative *sóh₂wl̥
accusative *sóh₂wl̥
genitive *sh₂wéns
ablative *sh₂wéns
dative *sh₂wéney
locative *sh₂wén, *sh₂wéni
instrumental *sh₂wénh₁

Alternative reconstructions

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  • *séh₂wl̥ ~ *sh₂wéns[2][3]
  • *suh₂él ~ *suh₂éns[4]
  • *séh₂wōl ~ *sh₂úns[5]

Derived terms

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  • *séh₂ul-ih₂ ~ *sh₂ul-yéh₂-s
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *sáuˀlijāˀ f (see there for further descendants)
  • *séh₂wōl (*séh₂wol-s) ~ *suh₂l-és (< *sh₂ul-és) (< *séh₂wel ~ *sh₂wéns)
    • Proto-Celtic: *sāwūl ~ sūlos f (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Italic: *s(u)wol m[4][2] (< leveled *suh₂ṓl ~ *suh₂lés)
      • Latin: sōl ~ sōlis m (see there for further descendants)
  • *sh₂ul-ḗn ~ *sh₂ul-nés or *séh₂ul-ō ~ *sh₂ul-nés
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *súlˀnis f (< *sh₂uln-í-s) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sh₂un-tero-s
    • Proto-Germanic: *sunþraz (south) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sh₂un-wó-s
    • Proto-Germanic: *sunnaz
      • Proto-Germanic: *sunnǭ (see there for further descendants)
  • *sh₂wél-(i)-yos
  • *suh₂n-tó-s

Descendants

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  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *súHar (< leveled *súh₂el ~ *suh₂éns[4]) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *sōl (see there for further descendants)

References

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  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 46
  2. 2.0 2.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “sōl, sōlis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 570
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2011) Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, 2nd edition, revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 206
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, § 88.3c, page 84
  5. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, first edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 111