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Borrowed from Latin tergum (back, rear; surface).


tergum (plural terga)

  1. (entomology) The upper or dorsal surface of an articulated animal such as an arthropod.

Derived termsEdit

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tergum n (genitive tergī); second declension

  1. back, rear; surface


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative tergum terga
Genitive tergī tergōrum
Dative tergō tergīs
Accusative tergum terga
Ablative tergō tergīs
Vocative tergum terga

Derived termsEdit


  • tergum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tergum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tergum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • tergum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to flee, run away: terga vertere or dare
    • to run away from the enemy: terga dare hosti
    • (ambiguous) to attack the enemy in the rear: hostes a tergo adoriri
    • (ambiguous) to surround the enemy from the rear: circumvenire hostem aversum or a tergo (B. G. 2. 26)