Southern NdebeleEdit

VerbEdit

-thela

  1. to pour

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

From -tha +‎ -ela.

VerbEdit

-thela

  1. (transitive) to pour
  2. (transitive) to sprinkle
  3. (transitive) to blossom, to bloom
  4. (transitive) to bear (fruit)
  5. (intransitive) to pay tax

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukuthela
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuthela ukungatheli
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular thela -thele
Plural thelani -theleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyathela, ngithela engithelayo, engithela ngithela angitheli engingatheli ngingatheli
2nd singular uyathela, uthela othelayo, othela uthela awutheli ongatheli ungatheli
1st plural siyathela, sithela esithelayo, esithela sithela asitheli esingatheli singatheli
2nd plural niyathela, nithela enithelayo, enithela nithela anitheli eningatheli ningatheli
Class 1 uyathela, uthela othelayo, othela ethela akatheli ongatheli engatheli
Class 2 bayathela, bathela abathelayo, abathela bethela abatheli abangatheli bengatheli
Class 3 uyathela, uthela othelayo, othela uthela awutheli ongatheli ungatheli
Class 4 iyathela, ithela ethelayo, ethela ithela ayitheli engatheli ingatheli
Class 5 liyathela, lithela elithelayo, elithela lithela alitheli elingatheli lingatheli
Class 6 ayathela, athela athelayo, athela ethela awatheli angatheli engatheli
Class 7 siyathela, sithela esithelayo, esithela sithela asitheli esingatheli singatheli
Class 8 ziyathela, zithela ezithelayo, ezithela zithela azitheli ezingatheli zingatheli
Class 9 iyathela, ithela ethelayo, ethela ithela ayitheli engatheli ingatheli
Class 10 ziyathela, zithela ezithelayo, ezithela zithela azitheli ezingatheli zingatheli
Class 11 luyathela, luthela oluthelayo, oluthela luthela alutheli olungatheli lungatheli
Class 14 buyathela, buthela obuthelayo, obuthela buthela abutheli obungatheli bungatheli
Class 15 kuyathela, kuthela okuthelayo, okuthela kuthela akutheli okungatheli kungatheli
Class 17 kuyathela, kuthela okuthelayo, okuthela kuthela akutheli okungatheli kungatheli
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngithelile, ngithelē engithelile, engithelē ngithelile, ngithelē angithelanga engingathelanga ngingathelanga
2nd singular uthelile, uthelē othelile, othelē uthelile, uthelē awuthelanga ongathelanga ungathelanga
1st plural sithelile, sithelē esithelile, esithelē sithelile, sithelē asithelanga esingathelanga singathelanga
2nd plural nithelile, nithelē enithelile, enithelē nithelile, nithelē anithelanga eningathelanga ningathelanga
Class 1 uthelile, uthelē othelile, othelē ethelile, ethelē akathelanga ongathelanga engathelanga
Class 2 bathelile, bathelē abathelile, abathelē bethelile, bethelē abathelanga abangathelanga bengathelanga
Class 3 uthelile, uthelē othelile, othelē uthelile, uthelē awuthelanga ongathelanga ungathelanga
Class 4 ithelile, ithelē ethelile, ethelē ithelile, ithelē ayithelanga engathelanga ingathelanga
Class 5 lithelile, lithelē elithelile, elithelē lithelile, lithelē alithelanga elingathelanga lingathelanga
Class 6 athelile, athelē athelile, athelē ethelile, ethelē awathelanga angathelanga engathelanga
Class 7 sithelile, sithelē esithelile, esithelē sithelile, sithelē asithelanga esingathelanga singathelanga
Class 8 zithelile, zithelē ezithelile, ezithelē zithelile, zithelē azithelanga ezingathelanga zingathelanga
Class 9 ithelile, ithelē ethelile, ethelē ithelile, ithelē ayithelanga engathelanga ingathelanga
Class 10 zithelile, zithelē ezithelile, ezithelē zithelile, zithelē azithelanga ezingathelanga zingathelanga
Class 11 luthelile, luthelē oluthelile, oluthelē luthelile, luthelē aluthelanga olungathelanga lungathelanga
Class 14 buthelile, buthelē obuthelile, obuthelē buthelile, buthelē abuthelanga obungathelanga bungathelanga
Class 15 kuthelile, kuthelē okuthelile, okuthelē kuthelile, kuthelē akuthelanga okungathelanga kungathelanga
Class 17 kuthelile, kuthelē okuthelile, okuthelē kuthelile, kuthelē akuthelanga okungathelanga kungathelanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāthela engāthela ngāthela angithelanga engingathelanga ngingathelanga
2nd singular wāthela owāthela wāthela awuthelanga ongathelanga ungathelanga
1st plural sāthela esāthela sāthela asithelanga esingathelanga singathelanga
2nd plural nāthela enāthela nāthela anithelanga eningathelanga ningathelanga
Class 1 wāthela owāthela āthela akathelanga ongathelanga engathelanga
Class 2 bāthela abāthela bāthela abathelanga abangathelanga bengathelanga
Class 3 wāthela owāthela wāthela awuthelanga ongathelanga ungathelanga
Class 4 yāthela eyāthela yāthela ayithelanga engathelanga ingathelanga
Class 5 lāthela elāthela lāthela alithelanga elingathelanga lingathelanga
Class 6 āthela āthela āthela awathelanga angathelanga engathelanga
Class 7 sāthela esāthela sāthela asithelanga esingathelanga singathelanga
Class 8 zāthela ezāthela zāthela azithelanga ezingathelanga zingathelanga
Class 9 yāthela eyāthela yāthela ayithelanga engathelanga ingathelanga
Class 10 zāthela ezāthela zāthela azithelanga ezingathelanga zingathelanga
Class 11 lwāthela olwāthela lwāthela aluthelanga olungathelanga lungathelanga
Class 14 bāthela obāthela bāthela abuthelanga obungathelanga bungathelanga
Class 15 kwāthela okwāthela kwāthela akuthelanga okungathelanga kungathelanga
Class 17 kwāthela okwāthela kwāthela akuthelanga okungathelanga kungathelanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingathela ngingathela ngingethele ngingethele
2nd singular ungathela ungathela ungethele ungethele
1st plural singathela singathela singethele singethele
2nd plural ningathela ningathela ningethele ningethele
Class 1 angathela engathela angethele engethele
Class 2 bangathela bengathela bangethele bengethele
Class 3 ungathela ungathela ungethele ungethele
Class 4 ingathela ingathela ingethele ingethele
Class 5 lingathela lingathela lingethele lingethele
Class 6 angathela engathela angethele engethele
Class 7 singathela singathela singethele singethele
Class 8 zingathela zingathela zingethele zingethele
Class 9 ingathela ingathela ingethele ingethele
Class 10 zingathela zingathela zingethele zingethele
Class 11 lungathela lungathela lungethele lungethele
Class 14 bungathela bungathela bungethele bungethele
Class 15 kungathela kungathela kungethele kungethele
Class 17 kungathela kungathela kungethele kungethele
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizothela engizothela ngizothela angizuthela engingezuthela ngingezuthela
2nd singular uzothela ozothela uzothela awuzuthela ongezuthela ungezuthela
1st plural sizothela esizothela sizothela asizuthela esingezuthela singezuthela
2nd plural nizothela enizothela nizothela anizuthela eningezuthela ningezuthela
Class 1 uzothela ozothela ezothela akazuthela ongezuthela engezuthela
Class 2 bazothela abazothela bezothela abazuthela abangezuthela bengezuthela
Class 3 uzothela ozothela uzothela awuzuthela ongezuthela ungezuthela
Class 4 izothela ezothela izothela ayizuthela engezuthela ingezuthela
Class 5 lizothela elizothela lizothela alizuthela elingezuthela lingezuthela
Class 6 azothela azothela ezothela awazuthela angezuthela engezuthela
Class 7 sizothela esizothela sizothela asizuthela esingezuthela singezuthela
Class 8 zizothela ezizothela zizothela azizuthela ezingezuthela zingezuthela
Class 9 izothela ezothela izothela ayizuthela engezuthela ingezuthela
Class 10 zizothela ezizothela zizothela azizuthela ezingezuthela zingezuthela
Class 11 luzothela oluzothela luzothela aluzuthela olungezuthela lungezuthela
Class 14 buzothela obuzothela buzothela abuzuthela obungezuthela bungezuthela
Class 15 kuzothela okuzothela kuzothela akuzuthela okungezuthela kungezuthela
Class 17 kuzothela okuzothela kuzothela akuzuthela okungezuthela kungezuthela
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyothela engiyothela ngiyothela angiyuthela engingeyuthela ngingeyuthela
2nd singular uyothela oyothela uyothela awuyuthela ongeyuthela ungeyuthela
1st plural siyothela esiyothela siyothela asiyuthela esingeyuthela singeyuthela
2nd plural niyothela eniyothela niyothela aniyuthela eningeyuthela ningeyuthela
Class 1 uyothela oyothela eyothela akayuthela ongeyuthela engeyuthela
Class 2 bayothela abayothela beyothela abayuthela abangeyuthela bengeyuthela
Class 3 uyothela oyothela uyothela awuyuthela ongeyuthela ungeyuthela
Class 4 iyothela eyothela iyothela ayiyuthela engeyuthela ingeyuthela
Class 5 liyothela eliyothela liyothela aliyuthela elingeyuthela lingeyuthela
Class 6 ayothela ayothela eyothela awayuthela angeyuthela engeyuthela
Class 7 siyothela esiyothela siyothela asiyuthela esingeyuthela singeyuthela
Class 8 ziyothela eziyothela ziyothela aziyuthela ezingeyuthela zingeyuthela
Class 9 iyothela eyothela iyothela ayiyuthela engeyuthela ingeyuthela
Class 10 ziyothela eziyothela ziyothela aziyuthela ezingeyuthela zingeyuthela
Class 11 luyothela oluyothela luyothela aluyuthela olungeyuthela lungeyuthela
Class 14 buyothela obuyothela buyothela abuyuthela obungeyuthela bungeyuthela
Class 15 kuyothela okuyothela kuyothela akuyuthela okungeyuthela kungeyuthela
Class 17 kuyothela okuyothela kuyothela akuyuthela okungeyuthela kungeyuthela
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngithele ngingatheli
2nd singular uthele ungatheli
1st plural sithele singatheli
2nd plural nithele ningatheli
Class 1 athele angatheli
Class 2 bathele bangatheli
Class 3 uthele ungatheli
Class 4 ithele ingatheli
Class 5 lithele lingatheli
Class 6 athele angatheli
Class 7 sithele singatheli
Class 8 zithele zingatheli
Class 9 ithele ingatheli
Class 10 zithele zingatheli
Class 11 luthele lungatheli
Class 14 buthele bungatheli
Class 15 kuthele kungatheli
Class 17 kuthele kungatheli
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngathela ngangathela, angathela, angangathela
2nd singular wathela wangathela, awathela, awangathela
1st plural sathela sangathela, asathela, asangathela
2nd plural nathela nangathela, anathela, anangathela
Class 1 wathela wangathela, akathela, akangathela
Class 2 bathela bangathela, abathela, abangathela
Class 3 wathela wangathela, awathela, awangathela
Class 4 yathela yangathela, ayathela, ayangathela
Class 5 lathela langathela, alathela, alangathela
Class 6 athela angathela, awathela, awangathela
Class 7 sathela sangathela, asathela, asangathela
Class 8 zathela zangathela, azathela, azangathela
Class 9 yathela yangathela, ayathela, ayangathela
Class 10 zathela zangathela, azathela, azangathela
Class 11 lwathela lwangathela, alwathela, alwangathela
Class 14 bathela bangathela, abathela, abangathela
Class 15 kwathela kwangathela, akwathela, akwangathela
Class 17 kwathela kwangathela, akwathela, akwangathela

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit