See also: tax- and тах


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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English taxe, from Anglo-Norman tax and Old French taxe, from Medieval Latin taxa.


tax (countable and uncountable, plural taxes)

  1. Money paid to the government other than for transaction-specific goods and services.
    Synonyms: impost, tribute, contribution, duty, toll, rate, assessment, exaction, custom, demand, levy
    Antonym: subsidy
    • 2013 May 17, George Monbiot, “Money just makes the rich suffer”, in The Guardian Weekly[1], volume 188, number 23, page 19:
      In order to grant the rich these pleasures, the social contract is reconfigured. […]  Essential public services are cut so that the rich may pay less tax. The public realm is privatised, the regulations restraining the ultra-wealthy and the companies they control are abandoned, and Edwardian levels of inequality are almost fetishised.
  2. (figuratively, uncountable) A burdensome demand.
    a heavy tax on time or health
    • 1962 August, G. Freeman Allen, “Traffic control on the Great Northern Line”, in Modern Railways, page 128:
      The extent of the traffic is a tax on the existing yard in the area at Frodingham, the busiest in the District.
  3. A task exacted from one who is under control; a contribution or service, the rendering of which is imposed upon a subject.
  4. (obsolete) charge; censure
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Clarendon to this entry?)
  5. (obsolete) A lesson to be learned.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
Coordinate termsEdit
Derived termsEdit


  • Tok Pisin: takis
    • Rotokas: takisi


Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English taxen, from Anglo-Norman taxer (to impose a tax), from Latin taxāre, present active infinitive of taxō (I handle”, “I censure”, “I appraise”, “I compute).


tax (third-person singular simple present taxes, present participle taxing, simple past and past participle taxed)

  1. (transitive) To impose and collect a tax from (a person or company).
    Some think to tax the wealthy is the fairest.
    • 2018, Kristin Lawless, Formerly known as food, →ISBN, page 251:
      Taxing the food and chemical industries, which make billions off our food consumption, could be another way to generate revenue for the program.
  2. (transitive) To impose and collect a tax on (something).
    Some think to tax wealth is destructive of a private sector.
  3. (transitive) To make excessive demands on.
    Do not tax my patience.
    • The people of the southeasterly clusters—concerning whom, however, but little is known—have a bad name as cannibals; and for that reason their hospitality is seldom taxed by the mariner.
    • 1960 February, R. C. Riley, “The London-Birmingham services - Past, Present and Future”, in Trains Illustrated, page 103:
      The heavy freight traffic which shares the double line between Paddington and Wolverhampton with the passenger traffic has taxed the ingenuity of the timetable planners.
    • 2007, January 16, “IBM”, in IBM - Reinventing the invention system - United States[2]:
      But patent applications are increasingly accompanied by volumes and volumes of data on DVD, which taxes the resources of the patent office.
  4. (transitive) To accuse.
  5. (transitive) To examine accounts in order to allow or disallow items.
Derived termsEdit



Alternative formsEdit



  1. an onomatopoeia expressing the sound of blows, whack, crack


  • tax in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tax in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • tax in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Northern KurdishEdit



tax f (Arabic spelling تاخ‎)

  1. district, neighborhood, quarter
  2. district, region


  • Chyet, Michael L. (2003), “tax”, in Kurdish–English Dictionary, with selected etymologies by Martin Schwartz, New Haven and London: Yale University Press




tax c

  1. a dachshund (dog breed)


Declension of tax 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tax taxen taxar taxarna
Genitive tax taxens taxars taxarnas