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From Latin thyrsus, from Ancient Greek θύρσος (thúrsos). Doublet of torso.



thyrsus (plural thyrsi)

  1. A staff topped with a conical ornament, carried by Bacchus or his followers.
    • Longfellow
      In my hand I bear / The thyrsus, tipped with fragrant cones of pine.
    • Elizabeth Barrett Browning
      As good to grow on graves / As twist about a thyrsus.
    • 1968, Anthony Burgess, Enderby Outside
      The champagne was done, and she upturned the bottle to hold it like a thyrsus.
  2. (botany) A species of inflorescence; a dense panicle, as in the lilac and horse-chestnut.




Borrowed from Ancient Greek θύρσος (thúrsos, plant-stalk, Bacchic staff).



thyrsus m (genitive thyrsī); second declension

  1. thyrsus


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative thyrsus thyrsī
Genitive thyrsī thyrsōrum
Dative thyrsō thyrsīs
Accusative thyrsum thyrsōs
Ablative thyrsō thyrsīs
Vocative thyrse thyrsī



  • thyrsus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • thyrsus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • thyrsus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • thyrsus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • thyrsus in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • thyrsus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • thyrsus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • thyrsus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • thyrsus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin