trapezius

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Unknown but surely related to the family of Ancient Greek τράπεζα (trápeza).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

trapezius (plural trapezii or trapeziuses)

  1. (anatomy) A large vertebrate skeletal muscle divided into an ascending, descending, and transverse portion, attaching the neck and central spine to the outer extremity of the scapula; it functions in scapular elevation, adduction, and depression.
    The trapezius muscle resembles a trapezium (trapezoid in American English), or diamond-shaped quadrilateral. The word "spinotrapezius" refers to the human trapezius, although it is not commonly used in modern texts. In other mammals, it refers to a portion of the analogous muscle.

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