Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under.

Preposition edit


  1. (with accusative) (motion) under
  2. (with dative) (location) under
    Antonym: yfir

Derived terms edit

Old Norse edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *under.

Preposition edit


  1. (with accusative or dative) under, underneath
    Antonym: yfir

Usage notes edit

Whether undir takes accusative or dative, depends on the sense.

  • With the accusative case, it signifies movement towards something or someone. In other words it has an allative sense.
  • With the dative case, it signifies positioning and location somewhere. In other words it has a locative sense.

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Icelandic: undir
  • Faroese: undir
  • Norn: onjder, onder
  • Norwegian Bokmål: under
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: under
  • Old Swedish: undir
  • Danish: under
  • Gutnish: undar, unda, undur

References edit

  • undir”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press