This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic edit

Etymology edit

From a merger of two originally distinct prepositions as a result of Verner's law: Pre-Germanic *untér and *undʰér, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥tér (inside), from which also Latin inter; and *h₁n̥dʰér (under), whence Latin īnfrā, Sanskrit अध (adhá, below), Ossetian дӕлӕ (dælæ, below).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit


  1. (+dative) among, between
  2. (+dative) under, beneath (location)
  3. (+accusative) under (direction)

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*under-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 559