vēzis

LatvianEdit

Vēzis

EtymologyEdit

There are various opinions about the origin of this word. Some derive it from the verb vēzēt ‎(to swing quickly (from one side to the other)), or from the verb vēzt ‎(to drag (sideways, back)); others relate it to Lithuanian verb vóžti ‎(to shut, to cover); others compare it to Sanskrit वाह्यकी ‎(vāhyakī), वाहकः ‎(vāhakaḥ, some poisonous insect). Cognates include Lithuanian vėžỹs.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

vēzis m (2nd declension)

  1. (crustacean) crayfish
    jūras vēži — sea crayfish
    upes vēži — river crayfish
    purva vēzis — swamp crayfish
    sarkans kā vārīts vēzis — red as a boiled crayfish
    velkas kā vēzis — (it) drags itself like a crayfish (= slowly)
  2. (medicine, pathology) cancer (disease characterized by uncontrolled cellular growth)
    kuņģa, plaušu, krūts vēzis — stomach, lungs, breast cancer
    vēža slimniekscancer patient
  3. (botany) plant disease characterized by growths on the trunk or roots
    āboliņa vēzis — clover cancer
    augļu koku vēzis — fruit tree cancer
    kartupeļu vēzis — potato cancer

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “vēzis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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