See also: Xiphias

English edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from translingual Xiphias or Latin xiphiās (swordfish).

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈzɪfiəs/
  • (file)

Noun edit

xiphias (plural xiphias)

  1. Synonym of swordfish
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, “Book II, Canto XII”, in The Faerie Queene. [], London: [] [John Wolfe] for William Ponsonbie, →OCLC:
      Huge Ziffius, whom Mariners eschew / No lesse, then rockes, as travellers informe []
    • 1700, Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London, volume 3, page 38:
      S. Malpighi having dissected the Head of a Xiphias or Sword Fish, which hath a very big Eye, observ'd that the middle of the Optick Nerve is nothing else, but a large Membrane, folded according to its length in many Doubles almost like a Fan, and invested by the Dura Mater.
    • 1857, Bostock & Riley, “part”, in Natural History, translation of original by Pliny:
      Trebius Niger informs us that [] the xiphias, or, in other words, the sword-fish, has a sharp-pointed muzzle, with which it is able to pierce the sides of a ship and send it to the bottom []
    • 23 May 1863, Prof. Huxley, “Structure and development of the vertebrate skeleton”, in The Lancet:
      In the xiphias, you observe, the enormous elongation of the head is produced by the elongation of the jaws proper – that is to say, of the pre-maxilla and nasal bones.

Translations edit

Latin edit

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
xiphiās (a swordfish)

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ξιφίας (xiphías), derived from ξίφος (xíphos, sword).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

xiphiās m (genitive xiphiae); first declension

  1. a swordfish, Xiphias gladius
  2. a sword-shaped comet

Declension edit

First-declension noun (masculine Greek-type with nominative singular in -ās).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative xiphiās xiphiae
Genitive xiphiae xiphiārum
Dative xiphiae xiphiīs
Accusative xiphiān xiphiās
Ablative xiphiā xiphiīs
Vocative xiphiā xiphiae

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Translingual: Xiphias

References edit

  • xiphias”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • xiphias”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • xiphias in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette