Last modified on 25 May 2014, at 22:14

ķēde

See also: kėdė and ķēdē

LatvianEdit

Ķēde (1)
Sudraba ķēdes (2)
Kāju ķēde (3)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Middle Low German kede, or from Middle Dutch cede (cf. German Kette), themselves borrowings from Latin catena, ultimately from a Proto-Indo-European stem *kat- (to weave, to braid). This is an old borrowing, already mentioned in 17th-century sources, sometimes with a prothetic š (šķēde). The current form, without š, officially entered the standard language in the early 20th century.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

ķēde f (5th declension)

  1. chain (sequence of interconnected, usually metal, rings or links)
    velosipēda ķēde — bicycle chain
    pulksteņa ķēde — clock chain
    enkura ķēde — anchor chain
    ķēdes posms, loceklischain link
    ķēžu dūrienschain stitch
    piesiet zirgu ķēdē — to tie a horse with a chain (= tether)
  2. chain (a chain (1) made of precious metal, to be worn as an ornament)
    ķēde ar piekariņiem — chain with pendants
    sudraba ķēde — silver chain
  3. chain, fetters (to restrain prisoners)
    kāju ķēde — foot chain, fetters
  4. row, line of people at a certain distance from each other
    uzbrucēju ķēdechain of attackers
    izvērsties ķēdē — to unfold (people) in a chain
  5. a series of elements following each other
    apsnigušu virsotņu ķēde — a chain of snowy peaks
    elektriskā ķēde — electric circuit (lit. chain)
  6. a sequence of events or facts
    notikumu ķēdechain of events
    ķēdes reakcijachain reaction

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “ķēde” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7