Last modified on 13 September 2014, at 08:38
See also: Line and líne

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

Six lines (drawn paths).
A diagram showing the locations of the five major lines of latitude on an equirectangular projection of the Earth.
Four eighth notes beamed together on a staff.
Four lines of text.
A letter.
A man holding a rope.
A woman using a fire hose.
Multiple telephone poles and lines.
Multiple train lines.
Painting of Prussian Infantry attacking in lines during the Battle of Hohenfriedberg.
A line of people.
A man drinking tea in Bangladesh on a winter morning. Lines (wrinkles) can be seen on his face.

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English line, lyne, from Old English līne (line, cable, rope, hawser, series, row, rule, direction), from Proto-Germanic *līnǭ (line, rope, flaxen cord, thread), from Proto-Germanic *līną (flax, linen), from Proto-Indo-European *līno- (flax).

Influenced in Middle English by Middle French ligne (line), from Latin linea. More at linen.

The oldest sense of the word is "rope, cord, thread"; from this the senses "path", "continuous mark" were derived.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

line (plural lines)

  1. A path through two or more points (compare ‘segment); a continuous mark, including as made by a pen; any path, curved or straight.
    The arrow descended in a curved line.
    • 1816, Percy Shelley, The Daemon of the World:
      The atmosphere in flaming sparkles flew; / And where the burning wheels / Eddied above the mountain’s loftiest peak / Was traced a line of lightning.
    • 1908, W. B. M. Ferguson, Zollenstein, ch.4:
      So this was my future home, I thought! [] Backed by towering hills, the but faintly discernible purple line of the French boundary off to the southwest, a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fat, fleecy little clouds, it in truth looked a dear little city; the city of one's dreams.
    • 2009, Jory Sherman, Sidewinder:
      For their present position, he drew an inverted V. Then he drew a line and on either side he inscribed landmarks, ridges, passes. At the other end he drew a number of inverted Vs to represent the Arapaho village.
    1. (geometry) An infinitely extending one-dimensional figure that has no curvature; one that has length but not breadth or thickness.
    2. (geometry, informal) A line segment; a continuous finite segment of such a figure.
    3. (graph theory) An edge of a graph.
    4. (geography) A circle of latitude or of longitude, as represented on a map.
    5. (geography, ‘the line’ or ‘equinoctial line’) The equator.
    6. (music) One of the straight horizontal and parallel prolonged strokes on and between which the notes are placed.
    7. (cricket) The horizontal path of a ball towards the batsman (see also length).
    8. (soccer) The goal line.
      • 2011 October 1, Clive Lindsay, “Kilmarnock 1-2 St Johnstone”, BBC Sport:
        St Johnstone's Liam Craig had to clear off the line before Steven Anderson sent a looping header into his own net for the equaliser on 36 minutes.
  2. A rope, cord, string, or thread, of any thickness.
    • 1884, Mark Twain, chapter 9, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn:
      Then we hunted up a place close by to hide the canoe in, amongst the thick willows. We took some fish off of the lines and set them again, and begun to get ready for dinner.
    • 2007, Robert Newcomb, A March Into Darkness, page 29:
      [] he found preparing the hook far less fun than dangling the line in the water and waiting for a fish to come along. Finally succeeding, he beamed a smile up at his father, then lowered his line into the swift-moving Sippora.
    • 2008, Joshua Plunkett, Jeanne K. Hanson, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Trees and Shrubs, page 164:
      Use fabric or nursery grade webbing around stakes and trunk, loosely tying the line to the tree about 6 inches below the point where the tree bounces back in your hand when you grab the trunk.
    1. (firefighting) A hose.
  3. Direction, path.
    the line of sight;  the line of vision
  4. The wire connecting one telegraphic station with another, a telephone or internet cable between two points: a telephone or network connection.
    I tried to make a call, but the line was dead.
    a dedicated line;  a shared line
    Please speak up, the line is very faint.
  5. A letter, a written form of communication.
    Drop me a line.
  6. A connected series of public conveyances, as a roadbed or railway track; and hence, an established arrangement for forwarding merchandise, etc.
    a line of stages;  an express line
  7. (military) A trench or rampart, or the non-physical demarcation of the extent of the territory occupied by specified forces.
    • 1917, John Masefield, The Old Front Line:
      This description of the old front line, as it was when the Battle of the Somme began, may some day be of use. [] It is hoped that this description of the line will be followed by an account of our people's share in the battle.
  8. The exterior limit of a figure or territory: a boundary, contour, or outline; a demarcation.
    • 1674, John Milton, Paradise Lost, volume IV:
      Eden stretch'd her Line / From Auran Eastward to the Royal Towrs / Of great Seleucia,
  9. A long tape or ribbon marked with units for measuring; a tape measure.
  10. (obsolete) A measuring line or cord.
  11. That which was measured by a line, such as a field or any piece of land set apart; hence, allotted place of abode.
  12. A threadlike crease or wrinkle marking the face, hand, or body; hence, a characteristic mark.
    • 1651, John Cleveland, “Fuscara”, in George Saintsbury editor, Minor poets of the Caroline period, published 1921):
      He tipples palmistry, and dines On all her fortune-telling lines.
    • 1812-1818, Lord Byron, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage:
      Though on his brow were graven lines austere.
    • 1975, Bob Dylan, “Tangled Up in Blue” (song), in Blood on the Tracks (album): 
      I muttered somethin' underneath my breath / She studied the lines on my face / I must admit I felt a little uneasy / When she bent down to tie the laces of my shoe / Tangled up in blue.
  13. Lineament; feature; figure (of one's body).
  14. A more-or-less straight sequence of people, objects, etc., either arranged as a queue or column and often waiting to be processed or dealt with, or arranged abreast of one another in a row (and contrasted with a column), as in a military formation. [from mid-16thc.]
    The line forms on the right.
    There is a line of houses.
    • 1817, Percy Shelley, The Revolt of Islam:
      A band of brothers gathering round me, made, / Although unarmed, a steadfast front [] now the line / Of war extended, to our rallying cry / As myriads flocked in love and brotherhood to die.
  15. (military) The regular infantry of an army, as distinguished from militia, guards, volunteer corps, cavalry, artillery, etc.
  16. ​ A series or succession of ancestors or descendants of a given person; a family or race; compare lineage.
  17. A small amount of text. Specifically:
    1. A written or printed row of letters, words, numbers, or other text, especially a row of words extending across a page or column, or a blank in place of such text.
      The answer to the comprehension question can be found in the third line of the accompanying text.
    2. A verse (in poetry).
    3. A sentence of dialogue, especially [from the later 19thc.] in a play, movie, or the like.
      He was perfecting his pickup lines for use at the bar.
      "It is what it is" was one his more annoying lines.
      • 2010, Alison Hodge, Actor training, page 138:
        Anyone who has worked with Littlewood will wince at the memory of going over single lines time and time again, each actor in turn speaking the line until the valid intonation, phasing and emphasis emerged.
    4. A lie or exaggeration, especially one told to gain another's approval or prevent losing it.
      Don't feed me a line!
  18. Course of conduct, thought, occupation, or policy; method of argument; department of industry, trade, or intellectual activity. [from earlier 17thc.]
    • 1835, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Henry Nelson Coleridge editor, Specimens of the table talk of the late Samuel Taylor Coleridge, page 45:
      He is uncommonly powerful in his own line; but it is not the line of a first-rate man.
  19. The official, stated position (or set of positions) of an individual or group, particularly a political or religious faction. [from later 19thc.]
    Remember, your answers must match the party line.
  20. The products or services sold by a business, or by extension, the business itself. [from earlier 19thc.]
    line of business, product line
    How many buses does the line have?
    The airline is in danger of bankruptcy.
  21. (stock exchange) A number of shares taken by a jobber.
  22. A measure of length:
    1. (historical) A tsarist-era Russian unit of measure, approximately equal to one tenth of an English inch, used especially when measuring the calibre of firearms.
      • 1906, Reports of military observers to the armies in Manchuria, page 261:
        The arm of the Russian infantry is the three-line rifle, model 1891 (caliber 0.299 inch) [].
      • 2013, The United States in the First World War: An Encyclopedia, ISBN 1135684464, page 561:
        A “line” was a unit of measurement used in tsarist Russia and equal to about a tenth of an inch. The 3-line rifle, therefore, had a bore of three lines, or approximately .30 caliber.
    2. One twelfth of an inch.
      • 1883, Alfred Swaine Taylor, Thomas Stevenson, The principles and practice of medical jurisprudence:
        The cutis measures in thickness from a quarter of a line to a line and a half (a line is one-twelfth of an inch).
    3. One fortieth of an inch.
      • 1922, “Statement of James Turner, Representing Universal Button Fastening Co., Detriot, Mich.”, in Hearings Before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, page 5337:
        In case any of the committee do not understand what is meant by a rate per line, I may say that buttons, being very small, are not measured by the foot or inch, but by the line, a line being one-fortieth of an inch. For example, that is a 27-line button [].
  23. (historical) Alternative name for a maxwell, a unit of magnetic flux.
    • 1898, Alfred Eugene Wiener, Practical calculation of dynamo-electric machines, page 47:
      At the same time, however, for calculation in the metric system, one metre is taken as the unit for the length of the conductor, one metre per second as the unit velocity, and one line per square centimetre as the unit of field density.
    • 1903, William Richard Kelsey, Continuous current dynamos and motors and their control, page 39:
      The density will now be only one quarter of a line per square centimetre, and therefore a unit pole placed at a distance of 2 centimetres from a similar pole, will only be acted on with a force of one quarter of a dyne, [].
    • 1904, Silvanus Phillips Thompson, Dynamo-electric machinery: a manual for students of electrotechniques: Volume 1, Part 1, page 74:
      The Paris Congress of 1900 adopted the name gauss as that of the unit of intensity of field, one gauss signifying one line per square centimetre. The same Congress also named one line as one maxwell, but everybody still uses the term line.
    • 1909, Henry Metcalf Hobart, Electricity: a text book designed in particular for engineering, page 58:
      A magnetic flux is said to have a density of one line per square centimeter when it exerts on a unit north pole a force of one dyne.
  24. (baseball, slang, 1800s, ‘the line’) The batter’s box.
  25. (fencing,line of engagement) The position in which the fencers hold their swords.
    • 1861, George Chapman, Foil Practice, with a Review of the Art of Fencing, page 12:
      Thus, for example, in the line of Quarte, the direct thrust is parried by dropping the point under the adversary's blade and circling upwards, throwing off the attack in the opposite line (that of Tierce), and upon the direct thrust in the line of Tierce, by a similar action throwing off the attack in the opposite line (that of Quarte).
  26. Proper relative position or adjustment (of parts, not as to design or proportion, but with reference to smooth working).
    the engine is in line / out of line
  27. A small portion or serving (of a powdery illegal drug).
    • 1998, Luke Davis, Candy:
      "Let's have a line." He pulled a razor blade from his pocket and scooped out a couple of mounds. He laid out seven thick lines on a mirror. He rolled up a fifty-dollar note and snorted a line.
    • 2004, Burl Barer, Broken Doll, page 64:
      "Yes, we did. We both did a line, but maybe close to a half gram of crystal meth. I did a line and he did a way much bigger line."
    • 2007, D. C. Fuller, Meth Monster: Crankin' Thru Life a Look Into the Abyss, page 474:
      Snorting it was a much slower blast off and a longer less intense buzz, that was much easier to function on. A few minutes after you snort a line you can feel the niacin rush coming up your back and washing over your head, [].
  28. (obsolete) Instruction; doctrine.
  29. (engineering) The proper relative position or adjustment of parts, not as to design or proportion, but with reference to smooth working.
    The engine is in line or out of line.
SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

line (third-person singular simple present lines, present participle lining, simple past and past participle lined)

  1. (transitive) To place (objects) into a line (usually used with "up"); to form into a line; to align.
    to line troops
  2. (transitive) To place persons or things along the side of for security or defense; to strengthen by adding; to fortify.
    to line works with soldiers
  3. To form a line along.
    • 1899, Juliana Horatia Gatty Ewing, We and the world: a book for boys, page 19:
      [] the crowd that lined the road to watch us as we wound slowly on.
    • 1909, Road Notes : Cuba, United States War Department, Second Section, General Staff, No. 16, page 359:
      The mountains which have lined the road on the left here cross it and the road makes a very sharp ascent, going over them.
    • 2009, Jon Fasman, The Unpossessed City:
      Knee-high garden lamps lined the path; Jim was careful to stay in their pools. Assuming he was being watched, the last thing he wanted to do was give them any reason to chase after him in the dark.
  4. (transitive) To mark with a line or lines, to cover with lines.
    to line a copy book
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To represent by lines; to delineate; to portray.
  6. (transitive) To read or repeat line by line.
    to line out a hymn
  7. (intransitive, ‘line up’) To form or enter into a line.
  8. (intransitive, baseball) To hit a line drive; to hit a line drive which is caught for an out. Compare fly and ground.
    Jones lined to left in his last at-bat.
  9. To track (wild bees) to their nest by following their line of flight.
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2Edit

Old English līn (flax, linen, cloth). For more information, see the entry "linen".

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

line (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) Flax; linen, particularly the longer fiber of flax.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

line (third-person singular simple present lines, present participle lining, simple past and past participle lined)

  1. (transitive) To cover the inner surface of (something), originally especially with linen.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 6, The China Governess[1]:
      Even in an era when individuality in dress is a cult, his clothes were noticeable. He was wearing a hard hat of the low round kind favoured by hunting men, and with it a black duffle-coat lined with white.
    The bird lines its nest with soft grass.
    to line a cloak with silk or fur
    to line a box with paper or tin
    paintings lined the walls of the cavernous dining room
  2. To reinforce (the back of a book) with glue and glued scrap material such as fabric or paper.
    • 1891, English mechanics and the world of science, volume 52, page 306:
      [] such books are always close back—ie, the leather cover is always glued or pasted to the bare back of the book. After books have been lined the bands are put on if the style of binding admits of this operation.
    • 1895, The British Printer, volume VIII, page 94:
      Then again line the back, again bringing the paper a little further in than the second lining, and repeat the operation according to what you think the weight and size of the book demands in extra strength, []
  3. (transitive) To fill or supply (something), as a purse with money.
    • 1602, Richard Carew, Thomas Tonkin editor, Carew's Survey of Cornwall[2], published 1811, page 34:
      because the charge amounteth mostly very high for any one man's purse, except lined beyond ordinary, to reach unto
    to line the shelves
Derived termsEdit

(terms derived from the verb "line"):

TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowing from Middle French ligner.

VerbEdit

line (third-person singular simple present lines, present participle lining, simple past and past participle lined)

  1. (transitive, now rare, of a dog) to copulate with, to impregnate.
    • 1825, A Lawson, The Modern Farrier:
      A bitch lined by a mangy dog is very liable to produce mangy puppies, and the progeny of a mangy bitch is certain to become affected some time or other.
    • 1855, William Youatt, The Dog:
      Pliny states that the inhabitants of India take pleasure in having their dog bitches lined by the wild tigers, and to facilitate this union, they are in the habit of tieing them when in heat out in the woods, so that the male tigers may visit them.
    • 1868 September, The Country Gentleman's Magazine, page 292:
      Bedlamite was a black dog, and although it may be safely asserted that he lined upwards of 100 bitches of all colours, red, white, and blue, all his produce were black.
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

StatisticsEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from English line.

NounEdit

line f (invariable)

  1. line management
  2. editing (of a TV programme)

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

VerbEdit

line

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of linō

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *līnǭ (line, rope, flaxen cord, thread), from Proto-Germanic *līną (flax, linen), from Proto-Indo-European *līno- (flax). Akin to Old High German līna (line) (German Leine (rope)), Middle Dutch līne (rope, cord) (Dutch lijn (rope)), Old Norse līna (cord, rope) (Danish line (rope, cord)), Old English līn (flax, linen, cloth).

NounEdit

līne f

  1. line, rope, cable
  2. row, series
  3. direction, rule

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit