Last modified on 2 June 2014, at 15:36

सार

SanskritEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From root √sṛ.

NounEdit

सार (sāram

  1. course, motion
    पूर्वसार (pūrvasāra) — going eastwards
  2. stretching out, extension
DeclensionEdit

AdjectiveEdit

सार (sāra)

  1. driving away, destroying
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Perhaps to be connected with sāra above; probably from a lost root meaning "to be strong"

NounEdit

सार (sāran, m

  1. the core or pith or solid interior of anything
  2. firmness, strength, power, energy
  3. the substance or essence or marrow or cream or heart or essential part of anything, best part, quintessence
  4. (at the end of a compound) "chiefly consisting of or depending on etc.", compare पर (para)
    धर्मसारं जगत् (dharmasāraṁ jagat) — the world chiefly depends on justice
    तूष्णींसार (tūṣṇīṁsāra) — chiefly silent
    सारत् सारम् (sārat sāram) - the very best
  5. the real meaning, main point
  6. a compendium, summary, epitome (often at the end of a compound in titles of books)
  7. a chief-ingredient or constituent part of the body (causing the peculiarities of temperament; reckoned to be 7, namely सत्त्व (sattva), शुक्र (śukra), मज्जन् (majjan), अस्थि (asthi), मेदस् (medas), मांस (māṁsa), रक्त (rakta))
  8. any ingredient
  9. nectar
  10. cream, curds
  11. worth, value
    सरेणtr (sareṇatr) — in consideration of, according to
  12. wealth, property, goods, riches
  13. (masculine, rhetoric) a kind of climax
  14. resin used as a perfume
  15. water
  16. dung
  17. the matter formed in a boil or ulcer, pus
  18. impure carbonate of soda
  19. a confederate prince, ally
  20. m (=शार (śāra)) a piece at chess or backgammon etc.
DeclensionEdit
DescendantsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

सार (sāra)

  1. hard, firm, solid, strong
  2. precious, valuable
  3. good, sound, best, excellent
  4. sound (as an argument that has been thoroughly proved)
  5. full of (+instrumental)
  6. motley, speckled (=शार (śāra))
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

AdjectiveEdit

सार (sāra)

  1. having spokes
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 1208