Last modified on 12 November 2014, at 15:19
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 4 丿+2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓人 (NO), X弓人 (XNO), four-corner 27800)

  1. long time (ago), long ago
  2. time passage, grow late

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 81, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 118
  • Dae Jaweon: page 165, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 33, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E45

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (久), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 舉有切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨuX/ /ki̯ə̯uX/ /kiuX/ /kiuX/ /kuwX/ /kĭəuX/ /kiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiǔ ‹ kjuwX › /*[k]ʷəәʔ/ a long time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6969 0 /*kʷlɯʔ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

SynonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gu, McCune-Reischauer: ku)
  • Name (hangeul): 오랠 (revised: orael, McCune-Reischauer: orael)
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ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cửu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.