愛人

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
あい
Grade: 4
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Mandarin in the late 1800s as a translation of English terms sweetheart or lover. Compare modern Mandarin 愛人 (àiren).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

愛人 (hiragana あいじん, romaji aijin)

  1. a lover, a mistress
    Implies an extramarital relationship. Most often used by a man in reference to a woman.
  2. (archaic) a sweetheart, a loved one

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Yoshida, Masatoshi et.al. Kodansha's Romanized Japanese-English Dictionary. Tokyo: Kodansha International (JPN), 1993. ISBN 4770016034.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

愛人 (aein) (hangeul 애인)

  1. Hanja form? of 애인, “lover”.

MandarinEdit

simpl. 爱人
trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin àirén  →  àiren (toneless final syllable variant)
Zhuyin ㄞˋ ㄖㄣˊ  →  ㄞˋ ㄖㄣ˙ (toneless final syllable variant)
IPA (key) /ˀaɪ̯⁵¹ ʐən³⁵/  →  /ˀaɪ̯⁵¹ ʐən¹/
Audio
(file)
Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing, erhua-ed)
Pinyin àirénr
Zhuyin ㄞˋ ㄖㄣˊㄦ
IPA (key) /ˀaɪ̯⁵¹ ʐəɻ³⁵/

NounEdit

愛人 (traditional, Pinyin àirén, simplified 爱人)

  1. (PRC) spouse, husband or wife
  2. sweetheart, lover

Usage notesEdit

  • In China mainland, 情人 (qíngrén, lover) usually refers to a partner in an extramarital relationship except in 情人节 (qíngrénjié, Valentine's Day). For a person who loves, 愛人 (àirén, lover) is popular among elder people, while 恋人 (liànrén, lover) is popular among young people.

Min NanEdit

simpl. 爱人
trad.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

愛人 (traditional, POJ ài-jîn, ài-lîn, traditional 愛人, simplified 爱人)

  1. sweetheart

ReferencesEdit

  • "愛人" (in Taiwanese/English), On-line Taiwanese/Mandarin Dictionary (台文/華文線頂辭典). URL accessed on 2011-01-29.
Last modified on 9 April 2014, at 05:48