Last modified on 29 October 2014, at 12:38
See also: Love, løve, lőve, lové, and lóvé

English

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Wikipedia

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English love, luve, from Old English lufu (love, affection, desire), from Proto-Germanic *lubō (love), from Proto-Indo-European *lewbʰ-, *leubʰ- (love, care, desire). Cognate with Old Frisian luve (love), Old High German luba (love). Related to Old English lēof (dear, beloved), līefan (to allow, approve of), Latin libet, lubō (to please) and Albanian lyp (to beg, ask insistently), lips (to be demanded, needed), Serbo-Croatian ljubiti, ljubav, Russian любовь (ljubovʹ), любить (ljubitʹ).

The closing-of-a-letter sense is presumably a truncation of With love or the like.

The verb is from Middle English loven, lovien, from Old English lufian (to love, cherish, sow love to; fondle, caress; delight in, approve, practice), from the noun lufu (love). See above. Compare West Frisian leavje (to love), German lieben (to love).

Noun

love (countable and uncountable, plural loves)

  1. (uncountable) Strong affection.
    1. An intense feeling of affection and care towards another person.
      A mother’s love is not easily shaken.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, The Celebrity:
        The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; for, even after she had conquered her love for the Celebrity, the mortification of having been jilted by him remained.
    2. A deep or abiding liking for something.
      My love of cricket knows no bounds.
    3. A profound and caring attraction towards someone.
      Your love is the most important thing in my life.
      • John Milton (1608-1674)
        He on his side / Leaning half-raised, with looks of cordial love / Hung over her enamoured.
  2. (countable) The object of one’s romantic feelings; a darling or sweetheart.
    I met my love by the gasworks wall.
  3. (colloquial) A term of friendly address, regardless of feelings.
    Hello, love, how can I help you?
  4. (euphemistic) A sexual desire; sexual activity.
  5. Used as the closing, before the signature, of a letter, especially between good friends or family members, or by the young.
  6. (obsolete) A thin silk material.
    • 1664, Robert Boyle, Experiments and Considerations Touching Colours, []
      Such a kind of transparency, as that of a Sive, a piece of Cyprus, or a Love-Hood.
  7. A climbing plant, Clematis vitalba.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

love (third-person singular simple present loves, present participle loving, simple past and past participle loved)

  1. (usually transitive, sometimes intransitive) To have a strong affection for (someone or something).
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter VI
      I wanted to take her in my arms and tell her how I loved her, and had taken her hand from the rail and started to draw her toward me when Olson came blundering up on deck with his bedding.
    • 2013 February 26, Pink and Nate Ruess, Just Give Me a Reason:
      Just give me a reason, / just a little bit's enough, / just a second we're not broken, just bent / and we can learn to love again.
    I love my spouse.   I love you!
  2. (transitive) To need, thrive on.
    Mold loves moist, dark places.
  3. (transitive, colloquial) To be strongly inclined towards something; an emphatic form of like.
    I love walking barefoot on wet grass;  I'd love to join the team;  I love what you've done with your hair
  4. (usually transitive, sometimes intransitive) To care deeply about, to be dedicated to (someone or something).
    • John 3:16
      For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.
    • Matthew: 37-38
      You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, and your whole mind, and your whole soul; you shall love your neighbor as yourself.
    • 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 27: 
      The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about […], or offering services that let you [] "share the things you love with the world" and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.
  5. (transitive) To derive delight from a fact or situation.
    I love the fact that the coffee shop now offers fat-free chai latte.
  6. (transitive) To lust for.
  7. (transitive, euphemistic) To have sex with, (perhaps from make love.)
    I wish I could love her all night long.
Antonyms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Derived terms
Related terms

See also

Etymology 2

From Middle English loven, lovien, from Old English lofian (to praise, exalt, appraise, value), from Proto-Germanic *lubōną (to praise, vow), from *lubą (praise), from Proto-Indo-European *leubʰ- (to like, love, desire), *lewbʰ-. Cognate with Scots love, lofe (to praise, honour, esteem), Dutch loven (to praise), German loben (to praise), Swedish lova (to promise, pledge), Icelandic lofa (to promise). See also lofe.

Verb

love (third-person singular simple present loves, present participle loving, simple past and past participle loved)

  1. (transitive, obsolete or UK dialectal) To praise; commend.
  2. (transitive, obsolete or UK dialectal) To praise as of value; prize; set a price on.

Etymology 3

From the phrase Neither for love nor for money, meaning "nothing".

The previously held belief that it originated from the French term l’œuf (the egg), due to its shape, is no longer widely accepted.

Noun

love (uncountable)

  1. (racquet sports) Zero, no score.
    So that’s fifteen-love to Kournikova.
    • The Field
      He won the match by three sets to love.
    • John Betjeman, A Subaltern's Love Song
      Love-thirty, love-forty, oh! weakness of joy, / The speed of a swallow, the grace of a boy, / With carefullest carelessness, gaily you won, / I am weak from your loveliness, Joan Hunter Dunn.
Translations

Statistics

Anagrams


Czech

Pronunciation

Noun

love ? pl

  1. (slang) money

Danish

Etymology 1

See lov

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɔːvə/, [ˈlɔːwə]

Noun

love c

  1. plural indefinite of lov

Etymology 2

From Middle Low German lōve.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɔːvə/, [ˈlɔːwə]

Noun

love c

  1. trust, faith
Related terms

Etymology 3

From Old Norse lofa.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɔːvə/, [ˈlɔːwə]

Verb

love (imperative lov, infinitive at love, present tense lover, past tense lovede, past participle har lovet)

  1. praise
  2. promise

Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

love

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of loven

Anagrams


French

Verb

love

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lover
  2. third-person singular present indicative of lover
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of lover
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of lover
  5. second-person singular imperative of lover

Anagrams


Middle English

Noun

love (plural loves)

  1. love

Norwegian

Etymology

From Old Norse lofa

Verb

love

  1. to praise
  2. to promise

Romani

Noun

love

  1. plural form of lovo
  2. money

Descendants