Last modified on 22 January 2015, at 02:14

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
人-order.gif
Stroke order
人-bw.png

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left radical)

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – resembles the legs of a human being. The ancient version of this character depicted a man with arms and legs. Compare .

人 人 人 人
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 人 (O), four-corner 80000)

Usage notesEdit

In print, 人 may have symmetric legs. However in handwriting, to distinguish from , the right leg will be shorter, the shape looking like a ʎ; in 入 the left leg is shorter.

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 91, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 344
  • Dae Jaweon: page 190, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 101, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4EBA

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (人), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 如鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪn/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /ȵiĕn/ /ȵin/ /ȵin/ /ȵʑĭĕn/ /ȵʑjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rén ‹ nyin › /*ni[ŋ]/ (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10800 1 /*njin/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. man, person, people
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    rén shì shéi? [Pinyin]
    Who is that person?
    敲門 [MSC, trad.]
    敲门 [MSC, simp.]
    Yǒu rén qiāomén le. [Pinyin]
    Someone knocked on the door.
  2. human being
    • 人類人类 (rénlèi, "humanity, human race, mankind")
  3. Homo sapiens
  4. body, mind
  5. everybody, everyone
  6. physical, psychological or moral quality or condition
  7. a person engaged in a particular activity; -er
  8. manpower, worker, employee
  9. talent, a person of talent
  10. other people
  11. common people, commoner
  12. adult, grown-up
  13. this world
  14. reason
  15. sexual intercourse
  16. company, companion, friend
  17. artificial, man-made
  18. () kernel
  19. () loving, kind; charity

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (人):


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese.

/hi1to2/: *pitə > ɸito > çito

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(counter , hiragana ひと, romaji hito)

  1. person
  2. human
  3. someone else
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese .

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(hiragana にん, romaji -nin)

  1. people
Usage notesEdit

The above reading is used when counting three people or more. When counting one or two people, namely 一人 (hitori, one person) or 二人 (futari, two people), the reading is (-ri).

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Chinese . Later borrowing than nin.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana じん, romaji -jin)

  1. person from that group; -ian
  2. person who does the activity of the suffixed word

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(in)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: in, McCune-Reischauer: in, Yale: in)
  • Name (hangeul): 사람 (revised: saram, McCune-Reischauer: saram, Yale: salam)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit




VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhân, nhơn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit