Last modified on 14 March 2015, at 01:05

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 日女竹中 (AVHL), four-corner 60227, composition)

  1. once upon a time
  2. period of time
  3. toward
  4. direction
  5. trend
  6. shortly before, formerly
  7. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 500, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14195
  • Dae Jaweon: page 870, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1534, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+66CF

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (曏), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 許兩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨɐŋX/ /xi̯aŋX/ /xiaŋX/ /hiɐŋX/ /hɨaŋX/ /xĭaŋX/ /xiɑŋX/
Character (曏), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 書兩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨɐŋX/ /ɕi̯aŋX/ /ɕiaŋX/ /ɕiɐŋX/ /ɕɨaŋX/ /ɕĭaŋX/ /ɕiɑŋX/
Character (曏), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 式亮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨɐŋH/ /ɕi̯aŋH/ /ɕiaŋH/ /ɕiɐŋH/ /ɕɨaŋH/ /ɕĭaŋH/ /ɕiɑŋH/
Character (曏), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 許亮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨɐŋH/ /xi̯aŋH/ /xiaŋH/ /hiɐŋH/ /hɨaŋH/ /xĭaŋH/ /xiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǎng ‹ syangX › /*n̥ aŋʔ/ a short time
shàng ‹ syangH › /*n̥ aŋ-s/ a short time
xiǎng ‹ xjangX › /*n̥ aŋʔ (W dialect: *n̥ - > MC x-)/ a short time
xiàng ‹ xjangH › /*n̥ aŋʔ-s (W dialect: *n̥ - > MC x-)/ a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13594 0 /*qʰjaŋʔ/
13595 0 /*qʰjaŋs/
13603 0 /*qʰaŋʔ/
13604 0 /*qʰaŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. once upon time
  2. period of time

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyang, sang) (hangeul , , revised hyang, sang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, sang)

  1. lean towards
  2. advance
  3. see, look at

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hướng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.