Last modified on 19 June 2014, at 02:52
See also: , , , , and 𐌇

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
日-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形)

日 is from a pictographic representation of the sun.

日 日 日 日
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

See the table at the Wikipedia article on Chinese character classification for other forms.

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), four-corner 60100, composition)

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • Not to be confused with , which is generally wider and shorter
  • is sometimes simplified to 日, as in

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (日), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 人質切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪt̚/ /ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/ /ȵiĕt̚/ /ȵit̚/ /ȵit̚/ /ȵʑĭĕt̚/ /ȵʑjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nyit › /*C.nit {*C.ni[t]}/ sun; day
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10845 2 /*njiɡ/

NounEdit

  1. (literary) sun
  2. (literary) day
  3. (literary) day of the month

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

  1. short form for Japan or Japanese, Nippo- (prefix)

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. day
  2. sun
  3. counter for days
  4. birthday
  5. Japan

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese /hi1/. This is distinct from (hi), consistently rendered as /hi2/ in Old Japanese. See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. sun
  2. day

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana にち, romaji Nichi)

  1. short form for Japan or Japanese, Nippo- (prefix)
    日露戦争 (にちろせんそう)
    Nichi-Ro sensō
    Japanese-Russian war (normally: "Russo-Japanese war")
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Apophonic form of /hi/. Obsolete; only used in compounds in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

In compounds, this is often realized simply as /u/, [ɯᵝ].

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji fu)

  1. (obsolete) day
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. number of days

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. day of the month

Usage notesEdit

The use of ka for the number of days or day of the month is somewhat irregular in Japanese, and only applies to certain numbers, as listed below from 1 to 31.

Etymology 4Edit

Apophonic form of /ka/. Obsolete; only used in certain set phrases in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ke)

  1. (obsolete) days
    Only used in plural contexts. Never used to indicate a single day.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana にち, romaji -nichi)

  1. -th
    27日 (にじゅうしちにち)
    nijūshichi-nichi
    the 27th

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(il)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nal, McCune-Reischauer: nal, Yale: nal)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

NounEdit

  1. (as an abbreviation) Sunday

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhất, nhắt, nhật, nhứt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit