Last modified on 8 October 2014, at 23:03

short

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English short, schort, from Old English sċeort, scort (short), from Proto-Germanic *skurtaz (short), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)k(ʷ)Art-, *(s)k(ʷ)Ard- (short). Cognate with Scots short, schort (short), Old High German scurz (short) (whence Middle High German schurz), Old Norse skorta (to lack) (whence Danish skorte), Albanian shkurt (short, brief), Latin curtus (shortened, incomplete), Russian короткий (korotkij, short, brief). More at shirt.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

short (comparative shorter, superlative shortest)

  1. Having a small distance from one end or edge to another, either horizontally or vertically.
  2. (of a person) Of comparatively little height.
  3. Having little duration; opposite of long.
    • 2012 March-April, Anna Lena Phillips, “Sneaky Silk Moths”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 172: 
      Last spring, the periodical cicadas emerged across eastern North America. Their vast numbers and short above-ground life spans inspired awe and irritation in humans—and made for good meals for birds and small mammals.
    Our meeting was a short six minutes today. Every day for the past month it's been at least twenty minutes long.
  4. (followed by for) Of a word or phrase, constituting an abbreviation (for another) or shortened form (of another).
    “Phone” is short for “telephone” and "asap" short for "as soon as possible".
  5. (cricket, Of a ball) that bounced relatively far from the batsman.
  6. (cricket, Of a fielder or fielding position) that is relatively close to the batsman.
  7. Brittle (of pastry, and some metals); see also shortening, shortcrust.
  8. Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant.
    He gave a short answer to the question.
  9. Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty.
    a short supply of provisions
  10. Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking.
    to be short of money
    The cashier came up short ten dollars on his morning shift.
  11. Deficient; less; not coming up to a measure or standard.
    an account which is short of the truth
    • Landor
      Hardly anything short of an invasion could rouse them again to war.
  12. (obsolete) Not distant in time; near at hand.
    • Spenser
      Marinell was sore offended / That his departure thence should be so short.
    • Clarendon
      He commanded those who were appointed to attend him to be ready by a short day.
  13. In a financial investment position that is structured to be profitable if the price of the underlying security declines in the future.
    I'm short General Motors because I think their sales are plunging.

Usage notesEdit

  • (having a small distance between ends or edges): Short is often used in the positive vertical dimension and used as is shallow in the negative vertical dimension; in the horizontal dimension narrow is more commonly used.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • (having a small distance between ends or edges): tall, high, wide, broad, deep, long
  • (of a person, of comparatively little height): tall
  • (having little duration): long
  • (cricket, of a fielder or fielding position, relatively close to the batsman): long

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AdverbEdit

short (not comparable)

  1. Abruptly, curtly, briefly.
    They had to stop short to avoid hitting the dog in the street.
    He cut me short repeatedly in the meeting.
    The boss got a message and cut the meeting short.
  2. Unawares.
    The recent developments at work caught them short.
  3. Without achieving a goal or requirement.
    His speech fell short of what was expected.
  4. (cricket, of the manner of bounce of a cricket ball) Relatively far from the batsman and hence bouncing higher than normal; opposite of full.
  5. (finance) With a negative ownership position.
    We went short most finance companies in July.

NounEdit

short (plural shorts)

  1. A short circuit.
  2. A short film.
    • 2012 July 12, Sam Adams, AV Club Ice Age: Continental Drift[1]
      Preceded by a Simpsons short shot in 3-D—perhaps the only thing more superfluous than a fourth Ice Age movie—Ice Age: Continental Drift finds a retinue of vaguely contemporaneous animals coping with life in the post-Pangaea age.
  3. Used to indicate a short-length version of a size
    38 short suits fit me right off the rack.
    Do you have that size in a short.
  4. (baseball) A shortstop.
    Jones smashes a grounder between third and short.
  5. (finance) A short seller.
    The market decline was terrible, but the shorts were buying champagne.
  6. (finance) A short sale.
    He closed out his short at a modest loss after three months.
  7. A summary account.
    • Shakespeare
      The short and the long is, our play is preferred.
  8. (phonetics) A short sound, syllable, or vowel.
    • H. Sweet
      If we compare the nearest conventional shorts and longs in English, as in "bit" and "beat", "not" and "naught", we find that the short vowels are generally wide, the long narrow, besides being generally diphthongic as well.
  9. (programming) An integer variable shorter than normal integers; usually two bytes long.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

short (third-person singular simple present shorts, present participle shorting, simple past and past participle shorted)

  1. (transitive) To cause a short circuit in (something).
  2. (intransitive) Of an electrical circuit, to short circuit.
  3. (transitive) To shortchange.
  4. (transitive) To provide with a smaller than agreed or labeled amount.
    This is the third time I've caught them shorting us.
  5. (transitive, business) To sell something, especially securities, that one does not own at the moment for delivery at a later date in hopes of profiting from a decline in the price; to sell short.
  6. (obsolete) To shorten.

TranslationsEdit

PrepositionEdit

short

  1. Deficient in.
    We are short a few men on the second shift.
    He's short common sense.
  2. (finance) Having a negative position in.
    I don't want to be short the market going into the weekend.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

StatisticsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sors, sortem.

NounEdit

short m

  1. drawing (action where the outcome is selected by chance using a draw)
  2. sweepstakes

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

short m (plural shorts)

  1. shorts, short trousers (UK)
    Avec un pantalon, j'ai moins froid aux jambes qu'avec un short.
    “With trousers on, my legs are not as cold as with shorts on.”

External linksEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

English

NounEdit

short m (invariable)

  1. short (short film etc)