Last modified on 24 March 2015, at 17:12

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 177 +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿十人心 (TJOP), four-corner 44510, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1385, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42729
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1900, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4327, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+9774

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (靴), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 戈
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 許𦚢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨuɑ/ /xi̯wɑ/ /xiuɑ/ /hʷiɑ/ /hua/ /xĭuɑ/ /xiuɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5324 1 /*hʷa/ 同鞾

DefinitionsEdit

  1. boots (footwear)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unclear. Some Japanese sources suggest a borrowing from or cognate with Korean 구두 (gudu, “shoes”), but then some Korean sources suggest that the Korean term was borrowed from Japanese (kutsu, “shoes”).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くつ, romaji kutsu)

  1. footwear, footgear: a shoe, (a pair of) shoes; a boot, (a pair of) boots

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwa) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

  1. (가죽 화, gajuk-sin-): footwear made of leather

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngoa)

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