Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 03:38

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 21 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人心 (OP), four-corner 24210, composition)

  1. change, convert, reform
  2. -ise/-ize, -fy/-ify

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 152, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 342, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 109, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5316

ChineseEdit

 
to make into; to change into; -ization; to ... -ize; to transform
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (化), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 呼霸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɣuaH/ /xwaH/ /xuaH/ /hʷɯaH/ /hwaɨH/ /xwaH/ /xuaH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huà ‹ xwaeH › /*qʷʰˤ<r>aj-s/ transform

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5327 1 /*hŋʷraːls/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. -ification, action of making something that way

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwa) (hangeul , revised hwa, McCune-Reischauer hwa)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hóa, hoá, huế, hoa)

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