Last modified on 19 May 2014, at 21:27

LatinEdit

Latin cardinal numbers
  I II
    Cardinal : ūnus
    Ordinal : prīmus
    Adverbial : semel
    Multiplier : simplex
    Distributive : singulī
Latin Wikipedia article on ūnus

Alternative formsEdit

  • Symbol: I

EtymologyEdit

From Old Latin oinos, from Proto-Italic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one, single). Cognates include Ancient Greek οἶος (oîos), Sanskrit एक (éka), Old Church Slavonic ѥдинъ (jedinŭ), and Old English ān (English one and an).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

ūnus m (feminine ūna, neuter ūnum); irregular first/second declension

  1. (cardinal) one; 1
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 6.644–645
      satis illi ad fata vel unum vulnus erat: iugulum ferro Philomela resolvit
      Sufficient was this one wound to kill; but Philomela also cut open the throat
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Nehemiae.1.2
      et venit Anani unus de fratribus meis ipse et viri ex Iuda et interrogavi eos de Iudaeis qui remanserant et supererant de captivitate et de Hierusalem
      and Hanani came, one of my brethren, he and certain men of Judah; and I asked them concerning the Jews that had escaped, which were left of the captivity, and concerning Jerusalem
    • 6th c.Boethius, Commentarium in librum Aristotelis Peri hermeneias primae editionis, Book I, section 5
      In summam igitur ūnārum ōrātiōnum aliae sunt significātiōne ūnae, aliae coniūnctiōne.
      "In summary therefore, of one theme others are (by signification) one, some with connections."

Usage notesEdit

See Appendix:Latin cardinal numbers

InflectionEdit

Irregular: similar to first and second declensions but with singular genitives ending in -īus and singular datives ending in .

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative ūnus ūna ūnum ūnī ūnae ūna
genitive ūnīus ūnīus ūnīus ūnōrum ūnārum ūnōrum
dative ūnī ūnī ūnī ūnīs ūnīs ūnīs
accusative ūnum ūnam ūnum ūnōs ūnās ūna
ablative ūnō ūnā ūnō ūnīs ūnīs ūnīs
vocative ūne ūna ūnum ūnī ūnae ūna

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Ido: un
  • Interlingua: un
  • Istriot: oûn
  • Istro-Romanian: ur
  • Italian: uno, un
  • Ladin: un
  • Lombard: vun
  • Novial: un
  • Occitan: un
  • Old Portuguese: ũu
  • Portuguese: um

See alsoEdit