Last modified on 12 November 2014, at 14:08

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -um (neuter singular morphological suffix), based on Latin terms for metals, such as ferrum.

SuffixEdit

-ium

  1. Used to form the names of metal elements, after the style of early-named elements, as well as the isotopes of hydrogen.
  2. By extension, appended to common words to create scientific-sounding or humorous-sounding fictional substance names.
    • 2009, Selena Kitt, Quickies, p. 91:
      We're at the North Pole, aren't we? Let's just call the new element Santa Clausium!
    • 2007, Jason Lethcoe, Wishing Well, appendix p. ii:
      Stupidium: Exposure to this Element can cause very silly behavior.
    • 1997, Bryan Pfaffenberger, Official Microsoft Internet Explorer 4 book, p. 34:
      According to the FAQ, a site's coolness can be attributed to a trace element called coolium.
  3. Used to indicate the setting where a given activity is carried out: gymnasium, auditorium, stadium, colloquium, planetarium, podium, sanatorium. Words so formed often take "-a" for the plural.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

SuffixEdit

-ium

  1. -ium

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From -ius (suffix forming adjectives): as a nominal suffix (Suffix 1), a substantivisation of its neuter forms; as an adjectival suffix (Suffix 2), regularly declined forms.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ium n (genitive -iī); second declension

  1. Suffix used to form abstract nouns, sometimes denoting offices and groups. (May no longer be productive.)
    auspex - auspicium
    desidero - desiderium
    castellum (castle) - castilium (fortified city)
  2. (New Latin) Suffix appended to form names of chemical elements.

DeclensionEdit

Second declension, nominative singular in -ium.

Number Singular Plural
nominative -ium -ia
genitive -iī,
1
-iōrum
dative -iō -iīs
accusative -ium -ia
ablative -iō -iīs
vocative -ium -ia

1In earlier Latin.

Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

-ium

  1. nominative neuter singular of -ius
  2. accusative masculine singular of -ius
  3. accusative neuter singular of -ius
  4. vocative neuter singular of -ius

ReferencesEdit