The form -ke(n) is the original Dutch diminutive suffix, cognate with standard German -chen and regional German -ken. The modern standard Dutch -tje and its variants are derived from -ke(n) through palatalisation.
-ken n (plural -kens)
- alternative form of
-ken n (plural -kes)
- (colloquial, regional, northern Germany, Westphalia) used to make diminutives
- Häusken ‑ little house
- Dörfkes ‑ small villages
- After stops, particulary after k, a linking -s- is often inserted: Pack → Päcksken (see Päckchen (“parcel”)).
- Sometimes an old linking -e- is also preserved: Mann → Männeken (see derived terms below).