Last modified on 12 August 2014, at 16:07

Dutch

See also: dutch

EnglishEdit

Wiktionary
Dutch edition of Wiktionary

Alternative formsEdit

  • (abbreviation): Du.

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English Duch (German, Low Countryman), from Middle Dutch dūtsch, duutsc (modern Duits (German)), northern variant of dietsc (compare modern Diets (Dutch language)), from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz (compare German Deutsch (German), Old English þēodisc (of the people)), from Proto-Germanic *þeudō ‘people’, from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂. See also Derrick, Teuton, Teutonic.

Middle Dutch duutsc is the result of i-mutation (umlaut) typical of central dialects (Brabantine) while dietsc shows the merger of iu with io and weakening to [iə] typical of coastal dialects (Flemish). This led to doublets which split in meaning during the Renaissance.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

Dutch (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) German.
  2. (archaic) Pertaining to the Dutch, the Germans, and the Goths; Germanic, Teutonic.
  3. Of or pertaining to the Netherlands, the Dutch people or the Dutch language.
  4. (obsolete outside certain fixed expressions, now offensive) Substitute, inferior, ersatz (as seen in expressions such as Dutch courage, Dutch treat, Dutch oven, and Dutch comfort).
  5. In a shared manner; of a shared expense. (See Dutch treat; compare go Dutch.)

TranslationsEdit

Proper nounEdit

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Wikipedia

Dutch

  1. The main language of the Netherlands and Flanders (i.e., the northern half of Belgium).
  2. (obsolete) German; the main language of the Holy Roman Empire (Germany, Austria, Alsace, Luxembourg).
  3. (collective) The people of the Netherlands.
    the Dutch will vote on the matter next month

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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See alsoEdit

External linksEdit