Last modified on 18 November 2014, at 09:56

być

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *byti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuh₂- (see Proto-Indo-European *bʰew-).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

być impf

  1. to be (indicates sameness or membership in a class) [+ object in nominative or instrumental]
  2. to be (auxilary verb used for predication) [+ object in adjective]
    Jestem zmęczona.
    I am tired.
  3. In future tense, forms future tense of imperfective verbs. [+ object in infinitive or verb in past tense]
  4. (archaic) In past tense, forms pluperfect tense. [+ object in verb in past tense]
    • 1869, Charles Edmond (translated by Edmund Chojecki), Alkhadar: uste̜p z dziejów ojców naszych, F.A. Brockhaus, page 231
      Nastusia na pół osunięta, na pół wsparta na dębie, na pół omdlała, z oczyma szeroko, nieruchomie otwartemi, utkwionemi w stronę, gdzie jastrząb dokonał był pomyślnych swoich łowów, strasznie dyszała.
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Usage notesEdit

The object is either in nominative or instrumental case; the former is often used when introducing oneself, and implies the object to be definite (Ja jestem Czesław, a to jest Marysia.), in the latter the object is usually indefinite (Ona jest studentką = She is a student), although not exclusively (W tym momencie zorientował się, że Bruce Wayne jest Batmanem. ― In that moment he realised that Bruce Wayne is the Batman..

ConjugationEdit

External linksEdit

  • być” in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Upper SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *byti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuh₂- (see Proto-Indo-European *bʰew-). Compare Lower Sorbian byś.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

być

  1. to be