Last modified on 24 May 2014, at 20:13

dzidrs

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as gaišs (bright, light): Proto-Baltic *gīd- (with an extra syllable -ro), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰəid-, *gʷʰīd-, *gʷʰid- (bright, shining). Cognates include Lithuanian giẽdras, gaidrùs (bright, clear), Ancient Greek φαιδρός (phaidrós, bright, clear, happy).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

dzidrs (def. dzidrais, comp. dzidrāks, sup. visdzidrākais; adv. dzidri)

  1. clear and transparent, also shiny
    dzidrs stikls — clear glass
    dzidrs avots — clear spring, source
    ledus bija plāns un dzidrs, tā ka tam cauri varēja redzēt — the ice was thin and clear, so that one could see through it
    ezera ūdens ir dzidrs: var saskatīt dibenu, kaut gan dziļums sasniedz 20 metru — the lake water is clear: one can see the bottom, even though the depth reaches 20 meters
  2. clear, without fog, haze, clouds, without impurities
    debesis dzidras un skaidras, spīd saule — the sky is clear and clean, the sun is shining
    pelēkzilganās dūmu strūklas lēnām izzūd dzidrajā vasaras gaisā — the grayish-blue jets of smoke slowly disappeared in the clear summer air
    saule jau bija pakāpusies augstu, dienas solījās būt dzidra un silta — the sun had already risen high, the day was promising to be clear and warm
  3. (of eyes) clear, bright, limpid
    skatīties ar dzidrām acīm — to watch with clear, limpid eyes
  4. (figuratively) clear, pure (without negative elements; nice, good)
    cik tīrs un dzidrs lauku cilvēka prieks — how clean and clear (= pure) is the joy of a countryside person
    sirsnīgi valdzinošs, sievišķīgi poētisks un dzidrs ir Laimdotas tēls — the (play) character Laimdota is sincerely captivating, femininely poetic and clear
  5. (of colors, light) clear, clean, pure (without admixture of other colors)
    dzidras, spektrālas krāsasclear, spectral colors
    zvaigžņu dzidrais mirdzums — the clear shine of the stars
    debesis bija dzidri zilas un dziļas: nekur nevienas pelēksnējas svītras — the sky was clear blue and deep: nowhere a single grayish stripe
  6. (of sounds, voices, musical instruments) high, sonorous, melodious
    dzidra flautaclear flute
    dzidrs zvansclear bell
    klausitāji apbrīnoja mūzikas instrumentu dzidro skanējumu — the audience admired the clear sound of the musical instruments
    putniņš skandina dzidrus, gaiša prieka pilnus treļļus — the little bird was singing clear trills, full of bright joy
    man palikusi prātā jūsu balss: dzidra, skanīga kā zvaniņš — your voice remained in my mind: as clear and sonorous as a little bell

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “dzidrs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.